Monday, January 12, 2009

Niagara Falls Then and Now: the Clifton Place mansion on the Zimmerman/Bush Estate

(click on photos to enlarge!) above: Jan.12, 2009 - looking east down along an almost tourist-free Clifton Hill. Samuel Zimmerman's estate was on the right (south) side of the street, encompassing the area from the Niagara River all the way up to the railroad tracks (at the time, the Erie and Ontario Railroad, of which he was a majority owner; eventually becoming the Michigan Central) which ran along the east side of Victoria Ave.
above: Jan.12, 2009 - looking west up a quiet Clifton Hill. The Zimmerman - later Bush - Estate was on the left (south) side of the street. The railroad tracks crossed Clifton Hill at Victoria Ave., which was located slightly west of the tall mansard-roofed tower seen at the far right; this is where the old Victoria Park railroad station had once stood - it was a convenient, easy stroll from the Bush Estate to the railroad station! The railroad tracks were still there and in operation until about 1999.
above: Jan.7, 2009 - looking north-east from the rear of the grounds towards Clifton Hill in the background, where, in the now-vacant foreground, a series of motel structures had been built on the manicured grounds of the former Bush Estate. Another wing of the 1950's-era Fallsway (later Quality) Inn is seen being demolished at the rear right - it was on this location where the Clifton Place mansion used to stand. Construction on the mansion's footings was started by Samuel Zimmerman, who suddenly died in an accident in 1857.
The Zimmerman estate (consisting of some 30 acres including ownership of the first Clifton House Hotel) was bought on Jan.1, 1865 by New York State Senator John T. Bush, who in 1866 constructed the mansion designed by architect John Latshaw. The mansion remained in the Bush family for the next 64 years, until it was sold to Harry Oakes' Welland Securities in 1928.
In 1867 John T. Bush became one of the original incorporators and President of the company that went on built the new upper Suspension Bridge, which conveniently landed on the Canadian side right beside Bush's Clifton House hotel!
(This new 1867 suspension bridge was the first of 3 bridges which would be consecutively built at this same site beside the Clifton House. It should not be confused with the existing Railway Suspension Bridge, which had already been standing at River Rd. and Bridge St. for nearly 20 years.
Interestingly, the planned construction of this bridge by Bush's company took advantage of the fact that the Railway Suspension Bridge was at that time - in 1867 - enjoying a monopoly as the only physical crossing across the lower Niagara River; so this new bridge would become the second available bridge crossing. The status of Bush's new bridge as being the 'second available' crossing in 1867, comes about because another earlier bridge (Serrell's 1851-built Queenston-Lewiston Suspension Bridge, which had originally been the actual second suspension bridge to be built across the Niagara River) had been destroyed due to a storm in 1864, and had not been rebuilt.
Bush's bridge essentially took on the competitive role left by the former Queenston-Lewiston Suspension Bridge, as a challenger to the Railway Suspension Bridge's monopoly. Seeing as this new bridge was also much closer to the actual Falls than the others, the business case for this new span was solid. Designed by Samuel Keefer, this bridge (also known as the First Fallsview bridge) was opened in Jan.1869. Twenty years later, on Jan.9, 1889, it was destroyed in a storm, and crashed into the river. Senator Bush did not live to see the collapse of his bridge - he had died just two months earlier, on Nov.10 1888.
So, for almost twenty halcyon Niagara years, Senator John T. Bush could look out the front window from his Clifton Place mansion on the hill, and keep an eye not only on his Clifton House Hotel down below, but also on his bridge spanning the Niagara River, right beside it!
above: This newly-revealed view in the distance, taken Jan.9, 2009, has not been seen for some sixty years: this is looking east across the Niagara River gorge at the upper Niagara River (seen at the upper right) as it heads towards the American Falls. This view had been blocked since the 1950's after a series of low-rise motel structures were constructed along the brow of the hill overlooking Victoria Park. A motel wing (which had stood where the backhoe is) was torn down on Jan.9, 2009, bringing this lost vista back into view once again. This is the same vista which had once been seen from the front windows of Clifton Place, the Bush Estate mansion, which stood here until it was demolished in June of 1937.

above: looking west uphill from Victoria Park as demolition continues on the Quality Inn motel buildings. This is where the Bush Estate mansion once stood on the crest of the hill. To the right (north) just out of frame is Clifton Hill. Above two photos of demolition were taken only eight minutes apart, on Jan.8, 2009, by R. Bobak. Note Sky Wheel peeking from behind the trees at the upper right of photo, above the motel building (at the right) to be demolished next.
above: Jan.12, 2009 - standing a little farther to the north from the above shot, looking south-west - the old motel site under demolition is seen at the far upper left (south); Victoria Park is at the bottom left, and Clifton Hill is seen in the foreground. The former Bush Estate (now-HOCO) lands are seen at the top of the above photo, stretching from right to left all along the top of the hill.
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below: Jan.12, 2009 - a closer view of the right-side of the above shot; at the corner where the ice cream cone sign is - this is the east boundary of today's HOCO lands. At the corner of the building, in the centre foreground, can be seen the large stone end-post of the Victoria Park fence which runs along the south-side of Clifton Hill.
below: looking at the same boundary, as it was in 1937. The large stone end-post of the same fence can be seen at the bottom left corner. A modest gate leads from a cobble-stoned Clifton Hill to a set of steps that rise up the grassy hill towards the Bush Estate mansion looming in the background. By looking at where the Clifton Place mansion was from this view, it can be seen that it stood where the motels are currently (in Jan. 2009) being torn down. I wonder if HOCO construction workers will unearth the foundations of the old mansion? It would be nice to commemorate the exact location of that building.
above: same view, Jan.9, 2009; note the fence-stone at bottom left. The once-idyllic setting is now smack-dab in the heart of the tourist district, and built into the hillside, where the stair path once was, is now a multi-plex of ice-cream shops, burger joints, and amusement games.
above: Looking at the north-face of the Bush Estate Clifton Place mansion as it stood at the top of the hill in 1937. In this view, the Falls are to the left (east). Note the trees seen around the house in 1937; compare this to the Jan.7, 2009 photo earlier above (third photo down from the top) where a mature tree (which has since been cut down) was still growing just about at the site where the house had stood - it's quite probable that this tree had been around in 1937 when the house was still there!above: Bush Estate ca.1900, view of the front (east-face) of Clifton Place; this is the side which faced the Niagara River and the Falls. Built in 1866, the mansion as seen here, was only about 34 years old!!
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below: old postcard showing the north-face of the Clifton Place mansion in the distance, and its side lawn in the foreground; it is upon this lawn which all the tourist attractions have since been built along the south side of Clifton Hill, as seen earlier above. In this view, the Falls are to the left. Just out of frame, to the lower right, closer to the road, would be where the 1856-built Zimmerman Clifton Hill gatehouse was located.
Also in this view, it can be guessed that Zimmerman's first house (Clifton Lodge, see further below) had been located on the large expanse of lawn, at the left of the photo, possibly where that short row of trees is seen in the left mid-foreground. As can be seen in the 1856 map below,  Clifton Lodge and its small stable had stood closer to the road (today called Clifton Hill) then the later-built Clifton Place mansion; the tree row looks pretty much like it could be the same tree row shown in the actual photo of Clifton Lodge seen a bit further below.
!! Click on photos to enlarge !!

above: 1856 map showing Samuel Zimmerman's 52-acre estate on Clifton Hill, a year before Zimmerman was killed. 
Note that 'Clifton Street,' as shown on the above map, is now today's Victoria Ave.
The L-shaped stables (built by Zimmerman in 1856) are marked; the house, which Zimmerman planned to build (supposedly designed by a Mr. Upjohn from New York), is shown, but, it was not (as of 1856) yet built; it would eventually be completed 10 years later, in 1866, by U.S. Senator John T. Bush, who bought Zimmerman's estate after Zimmerman's untimely 1857 death.
The estate sale included the ownership of the first Clifton Hotel.
Bush's deal to buy the Zimmerman estate closed on Jan.1, 1865; Bush completed his mansion in 1866, using the full basement foundations which had already been laid by Zimmerman in 1856, and which laid buried for some 10 years.
It is said that Zimmerman had started building the footings for his mansion in 1856, based on Upjohn's drawings. Yet, it is said that Bush's mansion was designed by John Latshaw, whose plans utilized Zimmerman's existing ten-year-old footings.
We clearly know what Bush's Italianate-inspired Clifton Place looked like (see the previous photos farther above) but, I've never been able to find what Upjohn's original design drawings had envisioned! What was Zimmerman's original mansion supposed to look like??
Were Upjohn's plans saved anywhere? Do any of Upjohn's elevation drawings or floor plans for Zimmerman's intended original mansion exist?
Interestingly, the 4 Gatehouses (circled in blue, above), and the pond, and the coach-house/stables, must have been of Upjohn's design, seeing as they were built prior to Samuel's untimely death - but nowhere can I find corroboration of who actually designed them!
It would have been strange, I think, to have one person design all these other outbuildings and the fountain, but then have the mansion itself designed by someone else. I would think that Zimmerman was wealthy enough to have all his estate grounds cohesively designed to one architectural 'theme' by one architect - for example, that the coach-house (built before the mansion) would be in keeping with the intended style of the to-be-built mansion.
But the Zimmerman/Upjohn-era coach-house did not look cohesive to the Italianate style of the  future Bush/Latshaw-era mansion; so it appears that there was a change of style here with the mansion's design.
 Also interesting to see in context, is that while the 4 gatehouses, and the fountain, and the coach-house/stable were being built, Samuel and his second wife Emmeline were (apparently, at some point) already living on the property. The gatehouses, fountain and stables were completed, and the footings of the mansion were begun. At some point, they were living in an existing house on the property, which was apparently quite grand itself, and which was informally known as "Clifton Lodge":

    I finally managed to find an image of Samuel Zimmerman's residence at Clifton, above, at the national Library and Archives Canada, photo PA 051872. The library info states "Residence of Samuel Zimmerman till his death in 1857".
  For some reason, neither Samuel's first wife, nor second wife, are mentioned as living there..?! (...which is why I am referring to these residency dates as 'apparently', because it's hard to verify exactly when Samuel and Emmeline moved into Clifton Lodge! Did Samuel live there as a widower (post wife #1 Margaret-Ann) with his 2 young boys??)
   Also, the library info kind of deceptively states that this was the "temporary residence of the Prince of Wales" - but, it's a stretch to pretend that was the POW's "residence"!!
   Samuel's second wife Emmeline (as a widow, 3 years after Samuel's death) RENTED this house to Queen Victoria's son Bertie (...future King Edward VII !!) when the 18 year old Prince of Wales and his handlers visited Niagara Falls from Sept 14-18, 1860.
  So basically, Bertie and his entourage just stayed there very temporarily - equivalent to a 4-night hotel stay!! Most of the Royal retinue stayed across the street at Zimmerman's Clifton House hotel. So it's quite a stretch to claim that this was Bertie's "residence"!
     There is no info given for when this above photo was actually taken, nor when this house was built. It does say that Clifton Lodge was demolished in 1860. If this date is correct ( I have not been able to corroborate the date) then the demolition could only have occurred after Sept. 18, 1860, after Bertie stayed there for those 4 days!
   So, when did the demolition actually begin?
   And: why was it even torn down, in the first place??!
  {...How badly did Bertie and his crew destroy that house..??!!
Was it 'stoned-rock-star/celebrity-gone crazy-trashing-hotel-room' bad?!
Was it 'drunken-Hillary-trashing-Javits-hotel-room-on-election-night' bad?!??}
     Why was Clifton Lodge essentially wiped off the face of the earth after Bertie vacated in 1860?!!?
     After all, look at the glowing report which the New York Times had published in July 1860 (seen further below) which noted all the preparation work going on around the Zimmerman "mansion"/"homestead" ahead of the Prince Of Wales' visit: all the landscaping and floral arches and tree trimming and all the painting and papering and varnishing and furnishing; yet, we later learn - after all the effort was put into making the house welcoming for Bertie - that the house was then torn down almost immediately after the Prince left?!?
    The NYT article didn't mention this aspect of the story.
Rather strange timing...?!
    Had the house possibly been already scheduled to be demolished, prior to any knowledge of the royal visit?? (...again, if so: what would have been the reason for demolishing it in the first place?)
That they would spend all the effort and money to fix up the house - while already knowing that they would be tearing it down - is strange, I think.
  If the house had NOT been pre-scheduled for demolition before Bertie's arrival, and, seeing as by all accounts, Bertie's stay at the house was uneventful, then what cause would there have been to so-quickly demolish it?? Was there some kind of unforeseen disaster post-POWs' visit, some  kind of calamity ...a fire, maybe?.. that suddenly condemned the newly-refurbished structure, and necessitated its demolition??
   Here we had a house - glorified in the New York Times, no less - as a mansion fit for royalty, which was then suddenly TORN DOWN right after said royalty departed!! Why did it suddenly become un-fit for royalty - or for anyone else!?
   Did Emmeline continue to live in Clifton Lodge after Samuel's sudden death? Or did she quickly move out (grief and bad memories, etc..?) Perhaps the house had stood pretty much vacant since Samuel's death in early 1857, and they (Samuel's estate) just decided to tear down the house - after a last hurrah by Prince Bertie?? ...ah, yet more questions..!

   The library info also categorizes this house as having something to do with Niagara On the Lake, but, it has nothing to do with NOTL - it was located in Clifton, on what is today's Clifton Hill, in Niagara Falls, Ontario. It basically stood just about where the bowling alley / giant ferris wheel now are ...yep: hard to believe...)

   Did Zimmerman build Clifton Lodge himself, or was it already in existence when he bought the land from Captain Ogden Creighton's widow??
If was already there, who built it and when? It's too bad Canada Archives doesn't have any of this historical info. Did the previous land owner Ogden Creighton build it; was this actually originally Creighton's home?? It is known that Ogden had lived on that same property - so, was it Ogden's house which  Zimmerman moved into, and called  Clifton Lodge? Or was Ogden's house (...of which there seems to be no image available, either..?!) torn down by Zimmerman, and replaced by the "Clifton Lodge" seen above??
   I also wonder if Zimmerman had lived in Clifton Lodge, while still with his first wife, Margaret Ann, and their two boys? Was Clifton Lodge built before 1848 (when Zimmerman and Margaret Ann married), or was it built after 1851, after first wife Margaret Ann died??
   {It is interesting to consider that, if Zimmerman had built Clifton Lodge around 1848 or shortly after, and now-knowing that by 1856, he was already starting to build his gatehouses and mansion footings, was Clifton Lodge always meant to have been just a "temporary" house? Was that the plan all along, that it would be disposable in Samuel's upward-mobile trajectory?
  Or was Clifton Lodge representative of Zimmerman's newly-married, comfortable status in life at that time (in 1848, with his first wife);  a house which was quite modest and unpretentious, showing a comfortable but not extravagant status. This rather humble, plain home (...which the NY Times nevertheless later trumpeted as a "mansion"..!) offered no clue to the actuality of Samuel soon  amassing a fortune large enough to start building a real mansion.}

    So, where exactly was Clifton Lodge located? Note that there are two smaller square buildings seen close together, marked on the above 1856 map, which also sit near the brow of the hill, but they are shown a bit closer to the road - I  now believe this was the site of  Clifton Lodge and its stable!  It would explain why the mansion (though not yet fully built) is also shown on the 1856 map: because construction had started with the gatehouses, stables, and fountain, it was the foundation of the intended mansion house which the 1856 map was already showing. The mansion's footings were likely under construction in late 1856 before winter, and then, the construction on the mansion would have been expected to continue again in the spring of 1857.
    But, after Zimmerman's death in March 1857, the mansion's construction stopped, and its foundations were covered up, laying buried and dormant until after Senator Bush's purchase of the estate; the sale was completed in 1865, so, the foundation existed buried and unfinished for the duration of the American Civil War! (Bush's mansion was built in 1866, and would become known as "Clifton Place")

    It would be interesting to find out in which direction the front door of Clifton Lodge faced. It's impossible to tell from the above photo, or from the 1856 map. From the photo, and from the map, Clifton Lodge is seen as a four-square structure. There is a gravel pathway seen curving in front of the house, but, it's not clear if this walkway seen in the photo is the same curving driveway which is seen on the 1856 map. I would think that the front door would have faced east - with a majestic view looking directly towards Niagara's American Falls; but, perhaps the entrance was placed in another direction, leaving the falls-view to be seen from the rear or one of the sides of the house?? Maybe the front door faced north, onto what was then Ferry St. (today's Clifton Hill).
    Note in the photo, that along the pathway in front of Clifton Lodge, a light scattering of  fallen leaves (maple?) is seen. Although we don't know exactly the year this photo was taken, we can guess that the season is from late September to October. Now if you look at the 1937 photo (3rd photo previously), you will see a tree-line, which could very well still have been part of the same tree line seen in the c1860 photo above.
It is quite neat to see a real photo of Clifton Lodge. It's so interesting to see that this house and its small stable pre-dated - and then, for a brief moment in time (1856-60) concurrently existed with -  the new fountain, the 4 new gatehouses and the new L-shaped coach-house/stable (...this brick stable remained standing but hidden inside a hotel, until the hotel and the stables were demolished in 2015 to make way for a go-cart track... again, hard to believe...)

   I assume that Zimmerman's widow Emmeline  - most likely through her agents and lawyers - looked after the estate until Senator Bush purchased it 1865. In 1866 Bush built his mansion (supposedly designed by Latshaw) upon the re-excavated footings from Zimmerman's time.
 But before Bush appeared on the scene, the existing Clifton Lodge was grand enough for royalty: Emmeline even leased it for four days to Queen Victoria's son, Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales, when he visited Niagara Falls in Sept. 1860!!
  {Looking at the photo of Clifton Lodge - and now knowing the tremendous wealth which Samuel Zimmerman had possessed - his home, as I mentioned earlier, appears so...  well... so darn plain, so modest... a nice, comfortable house, not ostentatious at all.
  Really, it's hardly what you'd think a palace looks like! Yet, at the time, it would have been seen as quite luxurious... or was it just viewed patronizingly by the visiting English blue-blood royal elites as 'colonial shabby chic'..?
    {Also, I wonder if Emmeline Zimmerman ever actually met the Prince of Wales while he was in Canada?! After all, she rented her place to Bertie and his gang, but, did she personally ever meet any of them at any point? Where was she actually living in 1860?? Was she living somewhere in Niagara Falls?}
The eighteen-year-old Prince "Bertie" (who forty-one years later, in 1901, would become King Edward VII!!) and his selected royal guests stayed in Samuel and Emmeline's home - Clifton Lodge - from Sept. 14 to Sept. 18, 1860, while the rest of the Prince's entourage stayed across the street, in her hotel, the Clifton House!

{The New York Times reported on the upcoming Royal visit, "PREPARATIONS FOR THE RECEPTION AT NIAGARA", published  on July 25, 1860:

"A correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer gives the following account of the preparations of the reception of the Prince at Niagara: 
It is understood that his Royal Highness, the Prince of WALES, will, during his sojourn at the Falls, have his quarters at the mansion formerly the residence of the late SAMUEL ZIMMERMAN, on the Canada side, just in the rear of the Clifton House, which also belongs to the estate of the same family. The Zimmerman homestead has been chartered for the personal use of his Royal Highness, while the cottages attached to the Clifton Hotel have been engaged for his suite and attendants. The house in which the Prince will reside is a substantial dwelling of stone, covered with cement, and stands upon the highest part of a beautiful park of twenty acres, commanding a full view of the Falls and all the neighboring scenery. The grounds are surrounded by a fine hedge of privet, rendered impenetrable by the addition of a strong wire fence on the outside. From the eminence upon which the house is situated, the ground descends toward the Niagara River on the south, first abruptly through a belt of forest trees, and then gradually across a broad, smooth lawn, neatly ornamented with shade trees, and containing a fountain and a great number of gas light posts. In the southeast corner of this park, and also upon the highest point in the grounds, flag-staffs eighty-five feet in height will be erected, from which, during the stay of the Prince, the Royal standard of Britain will float. The flags are manufactured in England for this special purpose. The trees whose tops and foliage intercept the view from the parlors towards the Falls, are to be trimmed so as to afford a full, survey of the cataract. Over the gateway, which constitutes the main entrance to the grounds of the estate proper; and which the Prince must pass upon his walks or rides, a triumphal arch is to be erected, fifteen feet in width and thirty feet high, adorned with representations of forest scenery and American life, and surmounted at the summit by a splendid stuffed deer, in the attitude of flight, with upreared head and lofty antlers. The construction of this beautiful piece of work is confided to the same hands which built the four famous arches at the Campus of May, at Ballatar, at Cloch MacCreigh and at the suspension bridge at Crathie, upon the occasion of the first visit of Her Majesty the Queen to Balmoral. No more competent person could be selected for the task than the man who has been chosen -- ROBINSON, the old superintendent of the garden at Abergeldie, the residence of the Duchess of KENT. 
The work of preparation has already commenced; to-day the hedge is being pruned with unusual care, next week the papering and varnishing of the interior of the mansion will be begun, and every portion of the premises, from the drawing-room to the stable, will be "swept and garnished" for the reception of the high-born boy, who for a few short days will honor the place with his temporary use.}
The red 'X' (in the 1856 map above above) shows where Zimmerman's Clifton Hill Gatehouse was located. All four gatehouses are circled in blue.
Of the three other gatehouses, one is seen at the bottom of the hill, in what is today's Victoria Park (at that time the land was still owned by Zimmerman); this gatehouse would later became the Niagara Parks' first offices.
Another gatehouse is seen on the map near Clifton Street (today's Victoria Ave.) just north of the stables, and another one was at the south end of the property.
Note the fountain (also built by Zimmerman, downhill from the site of his planned house, and still there and in use in 2010) is also located in today's Victoria Park, but which in 1856 was still Zimmerman's private park property, down to the narrow military reserve strip at the edge of the gorge.
Note that Zimmerman also owned the north side of Clifton Hill, from the railroad station on Victoria Ave. (at the top of Clifton Hill) all the way down to the (first) Clifton Hotel, which Zimmerman had bought in 1848. (The first Clifton Hotel was originally built by Hermanus 'Monty' Crysler in 1833; it burned down on Jun.28, 1898) Most of this land surrounding Clifton Hill (known then as the village of Clifton) was bought by Zimmerman from the widow of previous owner Captain Ogden Creighton, who had bought these lands in 1832.
above: a 1921 aerial view showing the former Zimmerman/ Bush Clifton Place estate: the mansion is seen in the red circle. Down the hill below the mansion, the fountain is circled in yellow. At the upper left (circled in blue) Zimmerman's original L-shaped stable/carriage house can be clearly seen, and just above it, Zimmerman's Victoria Ave-facing. Gatehouse can be seen. Just to the left of the blue circle, in the extreme upper left of the photo, the Michigan Central tracks are seen. The green line at the far right shows exactly where the Gorge Route streetcar line tracks ran through Victoria Park.
above: another 1921 aerial view of the  former Zimmerman lands. Here, the Clifton Hill roadway is seen in orange, running across the center of the photo. The Bush mansion is seen circled in red, while Zimmerman's Clifton Hill Gatehouse can be seen circled in yellow, and there is a road seen on either side of the Gatehouse. Just to the right (in other words, uphill, to the west) of the Gatehouse is a lane (outlined in light blue) which would become the Clifton Pl. roadway, used to access the future Park Motor Hotel/Comfort Inn site. Looking at this photo, we see that the street we know today as "Clifton Place" was not the main entrance to the Bush mansion; at best it may have been a 'tradesman's' side access, and a direct access to the stables as well. The main entrance to the residence was clearly located at the east side (downhill side) of the Gatehouse.
The darker blue line (near the bottom right) is Oneida Place; this lane ran northward off the Clifton Hill roadway. At the very bottom right corner a bit of the Michigan Central track right of way is seen. At the left bottom, the V-shaped second Clifton House hotel can be seen outlined within the burgundy box. In the extreme bottom left of the burgundy box, the outline of the turreted Lafayette Hotel can be seen.  (After the Clifton Hotel burned down, the Lafayette was also torn down, and thanks to the generosity of Harry Oakes, their lots became the site of the present Oakes Garden Theater park).
Note that, at the west-side of the Clifton House hotel, the street we today know as "Falls Ave." has not been built yet. Also note (circled in green) that the Mowat Gate is still located at River Rd.; the Mowat Gate would in 1936 be moved slightly uphill to mark the new Falls Ave. entrance into Queen Victoria Park. At the far upper left is the site of the Clifton Incline Railway. Also note that there are hardly any motels or other buildings yet built along both sides of Clifton Hill!
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below: May, 1947 - standing on the east side of Victoria Ave. just west of the railway, looking across the tracks in a north-easterly direction towards the original Zimmerman-built stables of the old Bush Estate - at this time, the stables were already 91 years old!!
The 'L-shaped' stables backed onto the tracks which bordered the west side of the Zimmerman-Bush Estate.
The 'L-shape' of the original Zimmerman stables can be seen on the 1856 map previously above; the L-shape can be seen on the previous 1921 aerial photo; and the L-shape is clearly seen in the 1947 photo below.
The 'L-shaped' stables consisted of two square, taller pavilions, with hip-roofs, which are clearly seen in the 1947 photo below: there was a west-end pavilion closer to Victoria Ave., and another pavilion on the east-end, closer to the Clifton Place lane.
Connecting the two pavilions (also clearly seen in the 1947 photo) was a gable-roofed building; these two pavilions and the connection in-between, running in an east-west axis, created the 'large-leg' of the 'L-shape'.
The smaller leg of the 'L' was formed by another gable-roofed structure which extended off the south-facing wall of the east pavilion - this can also be clearly seen in the below 1947 photo.
Note below that the railroad is seen in the distance splitting into two lines - the track in the distance (on which the boxcars cars are seen) followed the tree line seen in the distance, as it headed off to the upper right; this was the main line, which made its way past the Loretto. The track seen at the bottom of the photo is a spur that led to the old Myer Salit steel yard at the north-west corner of Clark Ave. and Robinson St., where the Old Stone Inn now is.
Note: also there is a small building which is seen near the far upper left (it appears partially behind the boxcars) - this is Zimmerman's old Victoria Ave. Gatehouse - one of the original four gatehouses he had built in 1856!!
 I have not been able to find out when this gatehouse was demolished {The original 1856-built stables were demolished during the week of Dec.7-11, 2015}. There was most likely also an access road which the gatehouse guarded, coming off Victoria Ave., crossing the tracks, and heading onto the HOCO lands.
An additional note:
There was a false perception that only 'a portion' of  Samuel Zimmerman's original 1856-built stable was still standing - but in fact, the entire original L-shaped stable structure was still standing, still in existence, still on its original location, until it was completely demolished in mid-December 2015!!
Zimmerman's original stable structure (as I had pointed out) was eventually surrounded by and swallowed within a maze of subsequent hotel-related additions - but: the original brick walls, footings, roof, windows, and carved stonework, were all there - for an entire 159 years - until Dec. 2015! (...see my photos further below of the revealed stables, taken in Dec.2015)
During Dec. 2015, as the demolition slowly peeled off the various hotel additions, the original L-shaped, triple-brick-walled, cut-stone-trimmed Zimmerman carriage house / stable structure was fully revealed, in situ.
As a matter of fact, the stables - as seen in this 1947 photo below - looked exactly the same when they re-appeared in Dec.2015! They had never been torn down; they had only been surrounded and enveloped by the many layers of additions. In fact, the hotel layers had cocooned and protected the the stable for some 60 years. The roof was well maintained, and structurally, the building was sound, solid, and dry. It was also in constant use, for years acting as a dining area for hotel guests! As seen in the photo below, the Zimmerman stable was already 91 years old!!

above: the same view in Jan.2009, looking in a north-easterly direction; both sets of tracks are now gone, but the old right-of-way of the main line, seen in the weedy foreground running along this side of the fence, still stretches throughout the Niagara Falls tourist district. The Salit spur (which ran at the left) now has a row of shops facing  onto Victoria Ave. built on top of where the ROW once ran. The same original Zimmerman stables are within the yellow-painted hotel structure behind the trees; the Casino Tower and the Sky Wheel can now be seen in the background. (In Feb.2016, the cutting of the evergreen tree row was begun)

below: May 10, 2016 - the exact same view as above, of where the Zimmerman stable had stood. Note there is now a brand new road in the foreground which has not yet been opened to the public; this is a new access road to HOCO's redesigned parking lot - there has not been an access into the HOCO property from Victoria Ave since the Zimmerman-era Victoria Ave gatehouse was torn down and the hotels built around the stable. Note that the same fence is still seen here, but the tree line which had stood alongside the fence has been cut down. The railroad tracks were located on the side of the fence facing the street, where the grassed boulevard is. The red X shows where the stable had stood, in the area behind the fence.

above: Apr. 17, 2017 - the exact same view (again: hard to believe...) as the previous 3 photos - the green line shows where the fence and the tree-line had previously been. Between the tree line and Victoria Ave (seen running at the left) there had been a grassed boulevard, where previously, two sets of railroad tracks had once run. The grassed boulevard has been removed, as were the fence and the trees (which for years had separated the HOCO property from the railroad right of way). The red X shows where the Zimmerman stable stood. The yellow circle shows a gas line marker which had stood at the tree-line, and which had been about 50 feet from the west side of the stable's west pavilion. In the foreground, we see the new road is open, connecting Victoria Ave, across the former grassed railroad ROW, to the vast new HOCO parking lot, located off to the right of the photo. This new road is basically a curved extension of the existing Clifton Place driveway, the other end of which spills out onto Clifton Hill.
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below: Jan.19, 2009 - looking in a south-easterly direction at the north-west rear corner of the original Zimmerman-built stables, as seen from Victoria Ave. The original stable building is in the centre, with the hip roof and the small round upper windows in the blue-painted brick wall; this is the original west-end pavilion. There is another pavilion (the east-end pavilion, not visible here) further over to the left, within the surrounding additions of the Comfort Inn hotel.
The old Michigan Central railroad tracks {...whose right of way, incidentally, was the original Erie and Ontario railroad right of way - also built by Samuel Zimmerman!!} were in service until 1999, running alongside the fence in the bottom foreground. I remember seeing trains running by here - and they were usually long freight trains, at that - slowly rumbling through on the busiest street in Niagara Falls, with tourists waiting in droves for the cars to pass! Note the Skylon looming in the background upper right, behind the trees.

above: Dec.2, 2015 - here's the same view as in my previous 2009 photo; the buildings, now painted orange with blue trim, are under demolition on the other side. The west pavilion is still seen today surrounded by the hotel additions - its hip-roof is still seen at the upper right. At the left is where the indoor pool area was, under a large roof with many skylights.
above: Dec.6, 2015 - same view, now the indoor pool area is under demolition, revealing a part of the interior blue wall. Only a small section of the skylight roof girders remains as of this day. At the far left is another wing of the Comfort Inn hotel; the south-facing rooms in this wing fronted directly into the sky-lighted indoor pool area.
above: Dec.7, 2015 - here's the same west pavilion, which was still hidden from view yesterday. Today it was re-exposed for the first time in about 60 years!! The blue wall (seen yesterday) has now been partially demolished, showing that there was a large room behind it, and further back, the original brick walls of  the Samuel Zimmerman-built west pavilion can be seen again, for the first time in decades. Three half-round windows, with their original cut-stone surrounds, were revealed again.They are in that black-banded area, half way up the revealed face. They were hidden in the utilities chase  above the false ceiling of the main floor. The stone work was protected all these years, and was in excellent condition.
above: Dec.7, 2015 Photos by R.Bobak. The carriage house stables were being revealed as the rabbit-warren of various hotel additions were demolished. In this photo, at this moment, the demolition work is occurring at the rear of the west pavilion (at the far right) where other additions are being torn down. The hotel's sky-lighted indoor swimming pool area was at the far left. 
above: Dec.8, 2015 - here's the the same matching view, with the west-pavilion now fully revealed at the right, and the east pavilion fully revealed farther in the distance at the left.
Today, with all the hotel additions having been torn down, the complete original north-facing facade of the 1856-built Zimmerman stables has been fully revealed again, after being hidden for some 60 years!
This rare view - with both pavilions and the fully-intact middle portion, all seen together in the same photo, without obstructions - shows the complete original 'east-west axis' of the 'large leg' of the L-shaped stables.
{The 'small-leg' of the L-shaped stable extended southward off the east pavilion's south-wall (in this view, the extension can't be seen, as it runs to the right (southward) off of the far pavilion}
This rare view of the complete original facade, in situ, as is documented in my above photo, lasted mere minutes - the center part of the stables, which joined the two pavilions, was soon demolished, as seen below:
above: Dec.8, 2015 - the center part of the north fa├žade, which joined the two pavilions, is gone several minutes later.
   I can imagine that when the 18 yr.-old Prince of Wales, Edward (Bertie) Albert (...who forty-one  years later, in 1901, would become King Edward VII!!) visited Niagara Falls and stayed at Samuel and Emmeline's home Clifton Lodge in the summer of 1860, that he would have seen this same visage of the handsome structure, in its bucolic original prime! And it is most likely he would have toured it! No doubt that some of the carriages and horses from this very stable were used to carry the prince and his entourage around town!
   Maybe Prince Bertie even had a tryst there with some local lass while his chaperone, the stern Duke of Newcastle, wasn't looking..! Maybe there were a lass or two (...or dozens of them - who knows?!) throughout Canada or in the U.S., who were more than happy to get up close and personal with Bertie's royal bollocks, and who got knocked up by Horny Bertie during his 1860 'Mother can't see what I'm doing in the Colonies' tour! After Bertie wrapped up his 'Slumming the Colonies' tour in Niagara, I wonder how many royal-sired illegitimate bastards were born in Niagara around May-June 1861?!
   Dirty Bertie became a promiscuous prince whose ignoble escapades, perversions and scandals would become legendary. Did he get his early start in Niagara?!
   One of his future flotilla of mistresses was a Jennie Jerome, who, at 20 years of age, had an affair with Royal Horndog Bertie in 1873-1874. She became pregnant, and was quickly married to a Lord Randolph Churchill by April 1874, thus gaining instant social status by becoming a gentrified Lady Churchill. The child she was carrying - which had been sired not by her new husband, but by Prince Bertie - was a boy, born on Nov. 30, 1874 - just 7 months after her marriage!
The boy's name: Winston Churchill, the future British Prime Minister! Bertie was Winston's biological father! Hard to believe that the great Winston Churchill was the illegitimate bastard spawn of Horndog Bertie.
   It is also rather perversely fitting to note that today's Prince of Wales (Charles) AND his post-Diana wife, Camilla Parker Bowles, are BOTH related to Bertie: Bertie is Prince Charles' great-great-grandfather, and Bertie is Camilla's great-grandfather! 
   For Prince Charles, his direct genetic lineage to Bertie traces back this way:
   - Prince Charles' mother is the current Queen Elizabeth II.
   - Queen Elizabeth II's father was King George VI   (Prince Charles' grandfather)
   - King George VI's father was King George V   (Prince Charles' great-grandfather)
   - King George V's father was Dirty Bertie!   (Prince Charles' great-great-grandfather)
   But for Camilla, her DIRECT genetic lineage to Dirty Bertie is even closer to Bertie than Prince Charles'!!
  This is because Camilla's great-grandmother was Alice Keppel, a 'high-class' whore who began her long term affair with Dirty Bertie in 1898. Alice's second daughter, Sonia, was born in 1900, and was most likely sired by Dirty Bertie. Sonia had a daughter, Rosalind Shand, who became Camilla's mother.
   When Camilla infamously used the come-on line to Prince Charles that 'My great grandmother and your great great grandfather were lovers, so how about it?', she was referring to the whore Alice Keppel as her great grandmother.
But what clever Camilla disingenuously overlooked to mention, was who her biological great grand-FATHER was!!
   It's one thing for Camilla to confirm that her great grandmother (Alice Keppel) was Bertie's lover (aka Bertie's whore), but a royal DNA test (...if one was ever allowed, that is!!) would surely discover that Alice Keppel's daughter Sonia was sired not by Alice's husband-on-paper (George Keppel), but by Flirty Prince Bertie!
   So, Camilla's come-on line should more accurately have been 'My grandmother {Sonia} was a bastard love-child sired by your whoring great-great grandfather Bertie. I'd like to attain what my scheming whore of a great-grandmother {Alice Keppel} couldn't achieve: become Queen of England. My great grandmother screwed her way almost to the top with Bertie, Prince of Wales; for all intents and purposes she was the 'un-official' Queen of England!! I'll do the same for you, Charles, my Prince of Wales. I'll be your sperm-dumpster mistress, like my great grandmother was for Bertie; I'll be waiting for your princely booty call behind your wife Diana's back. I deserve to be Queen, because I am of royal lineage, I am King Edward VII 's great grand daughter. So, how about it?!
 above: same view of where the Samuel Zimmerman stable once stood, Jan. 9, 2017. After a year of site construction, it's now difficult ­čśĽ to determine the obliterated stable's exact spot: it had stood in the area right behind the truck. {...gone, gone... gone into the mists of time, as if it had never been there at all...} Also, the old fence line and all the trees (which were seen in the Jan. 2009 photo earlier above, and also seen in next photo below) along it have been removed. The old fence line ran where the blue line above is seen, curving into the distance, This chain-link fence for years had separated the old hotel property from the railroad track right-of-way (shown by the red line in the foreground). The removal of the fence shows that the construction site now has extended over all of the grassed boulevard once occupied by the former rail ROW, which, until recently, had run parallel to Victoria Ave. (as seen in the photo below). Now, the fence runs right along the city sidewalk, giving the area a decidedly narrowed, crowded feel. 
above:  Apr.17, 2017, same view of where the S. Zimmerman stable had stood; now, a go-kart track is being built on the site. The blue outline shows about where the stable had stood - this would be approx in the middle of the new round structure. The red line shows where the old tree and fence line had been. The yellow circle shows the gas line marker, which has remained in its position along the fence line, being there before the stable was demolished; this is pretty much the only object of reference left to give context to where the stable had stood. In the previous Jan. 9, 2017 photo, the gas line marker was inside the orange cone. The gas line marker stood right at the old fence/tree line; and it was about 50 feet away from the Victoria Ave.-facing side of the stable's west pavilion. (This go-cart track was finally opened to the public in May, 2018)
above: an aerial view of the Comfort Inn hotel complex - the L-shape outlined in yellow shows the original Zimmerman stables, with the west and east pavilions marked. The skylight above the indoor pool room is marked. A red X marks the surrounding 'newer' hotel additions, which were also torn down. The pool section is marked. The blue line shows the direction from which the preceding set of above photos was taken. The purple line shows where the railway tracks had once run, now seen lined by trees and grassed over as a boulevard strip running parallel to Victoria Ave..
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below: Oct. 1946 - looking in a south-westerly direction at the north-east corner of the original Zimmerman stables, which were said to have cost at that time $48,000!
The hip-roofed east pavilion is seen in the center, and the part of the stables seen extending to the left was the 'small leg of the L-shaped' stables.
The 'large-leg' of the L-shape (the 'east-west axis' leg) is seen at the right, running towards Victoria Ave. in the distance. The east pavilion was therefore the 'corner' of the 'L-shaped' stable site.
(The right-side of the 1946 photo below shows the same north-facing elevation, as does the left-side of the the above 2015 photo - both photos show the same north-fa├žade, but from opposite ends. In other words, the 1946 photo was taken with the east pavilion closer to the camera, while the 2015 photo was taken with the west pavilion closer to the camera.)
Victoria Ave. and the MCR railroad right-of-way are behind the building in this view. Note that when Zimmerman had built this stable in 1856, what we now know as Victoria Ave., was called Clifton St. The side of the stable facing the camera is the east-face of the building {this is the same east-face seen further below in the Jan. 12, 2009 photo, with the two top small round windows to the right of the [new] chimney}
Prior to the planned construction of his new mansion, Zimmerman had already built four gatehouses around his estate, one of which had been on the west side of his lot at Victoria Ave., just north of the stables: the structure barely seen in the far-centre-right of the above photo is most likely that Gatehouse (as was seen from the previous 1921 aerial views).
above: Nov.16, 2015 - here's the exact same matching view as the previous photo above - this is the complete east-facing fa├žade of the Zimmerman stables. The yellow circle on the east-pavilion's north-wall shows two stone lintels in the brickwork. Looking back at the exact same area in the 1946 photo, the same stone-trimmed half-round window was visible, as was a large carriage entrance, stone-trimmed with an elliptical top. The openings had since been bricked up and painted.
Looking at the east facade, the yellow 'X' marks a later hotel addition which contained bathrooms; looking back at the 1946 full original facade, we can see that the addition covered up two half-round windows, and the associated stone round trim, and the 'water-table' horizontal trim. These were revealed again after the bathroom addition was demolished.
The same 'small-leg of the L-shape' is still seen extending to the left (southward) from the corner pavilion in 2015, as it was seen in 1946.
Note that there is a horizontal foundation line and concrete block rubble seen in the foreground - this is from another hotel wing, which had been just demolished about a week earlier. That part of the hotel had completely blocked the view of the stables, so, this photo of the carriage house is again a new perspective, not seen since the hotel in front had been built decades ago.
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below: Jan.12, 2009 - looking in a north-westerly direction at the south-east corner of the same Zimmerman-built Bush Estate stables. The former stables have now been incorporated into a maze of hotel buildings and wings, part of the Comfort Inn, and are now used as cafeteria  and administrative offices for the hotel complex. The part of the carriage house/stable seen in the middle of the photo (to the left of the chimney) paralleled with Clifton Place lane. The taller hip-roofed building at the right was the old stable's east pavilion. The part of the stable seen here in the centre, which came off the east pavilion's south-wall, made up the 'small-leg' of the 'L-shaped' stable structure.

above: Dec.6, 2015 - this is the same matching view of the Zimmerman east pavilion - the same chimney is seen at the right in both above photos. The 'small-leg' of the stable is now seen freshly demolished at the left side of the photo. The outline of where its gable roof had joined the east pavilion's south-wall, is now clearly revealed.
As the HOCO Comfort Inn complex was being torn down, the hidden shell of the original stables was revealed again. The broken curved stone pieces seen piled up at the bottom are the curved cut stone lintels which had outlined the windows on the stable's east-side. The stone work, bricks, and massive hewn beams, were all demolished. This building survived here at Niagara for an astounding 159 years - 1856 to 2015.
This was a real piece of pre-Confederation architectural history in Niagara Falls, Ontario - it should have been worth saving. (...cue the sound of crickets... nobody in Niagara gave a shit about the building...)
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below: Dec. 9, 2015 - same view as above: now the east pavilion is almost knocked down; we can see (inside the red circle at the far right) that there were two stone-trimmed half-round windows hidden within the now-demolished bathroom addition, as was mentioned earlier.
above: Dec.10, 2015 (seen early in the day) - same view as above; the east pavilion was demolished late in the day on Dec.9th. The base where the chimney had stood is still seen at the centre-right. Newly revealed from this angle of view, seen at the far left, is the still-partially-standing hip-roofed west pavilion, near Victoria Ave. (Note that this west pavilion, seen still seen standing in the morning on Dec.10, was fully demolished later this same day - see below)
Note (at the upper left) that the connecting gabled stable building along the 'long-leg axis' has also been demolished. There is an outline (clearly seen on the east-wall of the west pavilion) which shows where the gable roof of that connecting building on the 'long-leg axis' had joined onto the west pavilion's east-wall.
below: Dec.10, 2015 (later in the day), same view. At the  far left, the west pavilion (which had still standing earlier today (as was seen in the previous photo above)) has now been demolished. For the first time in 159 years, Victoria Ave. (which ran behind the stables) is visible again (in the left distance) from this viewpoint.

below:  Samuel Zimmerman had actually been originally buried in a mausoleum somewhere on his estate (exactly where, I have not been able to determine. It might have been in the vicinity of his reflecting pool, down in what later became part of Victoria Park. Or it was further up the hill. There seems to be no literature on the actual location of the mausoleum; nor on the timing of when and why Zimmerman's body was later moved to St. David's. The timing may have been due to the eventual sale of the estate by Emmeline to the Bush family; or, due to the conversion of Zimmerman's private property below the hill (under Bush ownership in the 1880's) to a public park, now known as Queen Victoria park.)
Zimmerman was later buried at the St. David's Methodist Church cemetery.
above: as seen on Mar.17, 2009 - the tall rectangular tombstone at centre is where Samuel Zimmerman and his first wife are buried, by the Methodist Church in St. David's.
*
below: Mar.17, 2009; on its west side, the tombstone reads:

"SAMUEL ZIMMERMAN, Born Huntingdon PA 1815, Contractor and Banker, Benefactor of the Town of Clifton, killed at DES JARDINS CANAL C.W. Mar.12, 1857".

(C.W. stood for Canada West, as this part of the jurisdiction we now call "Ontario" was known, after the times of Upper Canada and prior to Confederation) The month and day of his birth are not on the stone; but, he was born on Mar.17, 1815, the fifth son in a family of seven sons and one daughter.

In 1842, at the age of 27, Samuel Zimmerman arrived in Canada, earning a fortune in the construction business as a contractor on the Second Welland Canal; he then became a railroad builder, bringing the Great Western Railroad  (which eventually became CN Rail) to Niagara from Hamilton Ont. Construction of this rail line - which is still in use today by CN - began in 1851 and it was opened to Niagara by Nov.1853, ending at the Suspension Bridge. Zimmerman was also involved in the construction of the double-deck Suspension Bridge (designed by engineer John Augustus Roebling) which opened in 1855 and was the first rail connection here between Canada and the U.S.

In 1854 Zimmerman bought the Erie and Ontario, which had been the first railroad in Upper Canada, and which was built in the period 1831 to 1841, operating as a seasonal horse-drawn railroad. He rebuilt the line, converting it to steam locomotion, and built a new extension north from Queenston into Niagara On The Lake. Zimmerman also had a steamboat [the "Samuel Zimmerman"] which carried freight and passengers from Toronto to Queenston and NOTL, from where they could take his trains to Niagara Falls or to the States - talk about transit integration!

Just above the cemetery where the Zimmermans are buried, there still is a long-abandoned right-of-way running along the Escarpment of one of the railway lines that Zimmerman had once owned, the Erie and Ontario (a predecessor of the New York Central/ Michigan Central) which went from Queenston (and later from Niagara On The Lake) to Niagara Falls, and later, to Fort Erie.
Samuel Zimmerman is buried with his first wife Margaret Ann; they were married on Aug.15, 1848 and had two sons. At the time of Samuel's death in 1857, his son John was 8 yrs. old, and son Richard was 6 yrs. old. Margaret Ann had died earlier, in 1851, at the young age of 23; I have not been able to find out the cause of her death - was it related to the childbirth of the second son Richard? The timing seems possible.
 By the way: there are some ridiculous claims being made that there is 'no mention of Samuel Zimmerman's name on his headstone' at his grave; that it is 'unmarked': what, then, is the photo above??!? It clearly shows Samuel's name!

above: as seen Mar.17, 2009 - on the east side of the same above tombstone, is this description:

        " MARGARET ANN
                 WIFE OF
           SAML ZIMMERMAN
           and DAUGHTER OF
           RICHARD and ANN
               WOODRUFF
                    DIED
            APRIL 24, 1851
           AGED 23 YEARS "
*
Interestingly, Margaret Ann's father, Richard Woodruff (b.1784 - d.1872; known as the founder of the village of St.David's), had bought the National Hotel in 1833 from Hermanus Crysler, who had built it in 1827. [It was later known as the Prospect Hotel and as Ward's Hotel, located on Main St. in Niagara Falls, Ontario [on the site of today's Mints bar]. During the 1837 Rebellion, government troops stayed at the hotel, which was used as a barracks.]
And oddly enough, in 1848, the same year that they were married, Margaret Ann's husband Samuel bought the original Clifton Hotel from Hermanus Crysler, who had built it fifteen years earlier, in 1833.
Richard Woodruff and his wife Ann Clement Woodruff  had 8 children: 6 sons and 2 daughters. One of Margaret Ann's brothers was Joseph C. Woodruff (1808-1889); another brother was William Henry Woodruff (1814-1897).
*
It was on Dec.16, 1856 that Samuel Zimmerman married his second wife, Emmeline Catherine Dunn of Maskinonge, District of Three Rivers, L.C. {then known as "Lower Canada", now Quebec}
Her parents were Charles Dunn and Mary Hibbard (Mary was also referred to as "Polly Dunn") .
Emmeline Dunn was born on Mar. 17, 1833 and was one of 14 - that's right: fourteen !!! - children. Emmeline Dunn was 23 years old when she married Samuel Zimmerman in Dec.1856 -  he was 41!
One of her brothers was the prominent lumber merchant Timothy Hibbard Dunn b.1816-d.1898)

 Less than three months after Samuel Zimmerman and Emmeline were married, Samuel was killed on Mar.12, 1857 in the Desjardins Canal train accident at Hamilton, Ontario. Zimmerman was killed five days before what would have been his 42nd birthday (...and quite ironically, also 5 days before Emmeline's 24th birthday, seeing as they both were born on the 17th of March...)
It is said that Zimmerman was most likely the wealthiest man in Canada at the time. (...and she, the richest widow in Canada??!?)
above: photo of Samuel Zimmerman: banker; contractor of canals, bridges and railways; and one of the founders of Niagara Falls, Ontario. Samuel Zimmerman's funeral, with Masonic honours, was held on Mar.16, 1857 - exactly three months after his second marriage.

So: what became of Samuel Zimmerman's second wife, Emmeline C. Zimmerman [nee Dunn]?
And, what then became of Samuel and Margaret Ann's two young sons?
Samuel apparently had two younger brothers in Ontario at that time - Martin and James; did they end up adopting the boys? (Or did things not work that way back then?)
Or. did Samuel Zimmerman's tragically-widowed second wife, Emmeline, take care of them?

On Oct.29, 1863 (six years after Samuel's passing) Emmeline was re-married (in Toronto) to John D. Sherwood, a New York lawyer, and they would live together for 28 years. She was 30 years old, he was  44. He was born Nov.24, 1818, and died Apr.30, 1891, at the age of 73, leaving Emmeline a widow again.
An obituary read that Emmeline survived John D. Sherwood "with four children" - but it was not clear whether these four were their children, or children from previous marriages.

At first I thought that two of those four children may have (?) been Samuel's two boys (John and Richard) whom Emmeline and John D. may have (?) been looking after as step-parents; and the two other children mentioned may have been theirs together, or, that maybe the other two children may have been his, from an earlier marriage, perhaps?  

above: image of John D. Sherwood, Emmeline's second husband.
I regret that I have yet to find any image of Emmeline.

update:
I learned from marriage records that when Emmeline Zimmerman and John D. Sherwood were married, she was described as a widow, and he, as a bachelor - so, then, he did not have previous children. I also found out that John D. Sherwood's middle name was "Diddell", and that they were married in Toronto by the Rev. H.J. Grasett, rector at St. James Cathedral.
  
I picked up a lead on one of the "four" children:
 - I found that a girl named Maude A. Sherwood was born on Jun.6, 1873 in Englewood Cliffs N.J. - and she definitely was the daughter of John D. Sherwood and Emmeline (sometimes spelled 'Emmaline', also 'Emeline') Catherine Zimmerman Sherwood! 
    Maude Sherwood became a well known sculptress; on Dec.17, 1897 (also seen as Dec.16?) she was married in Englewood to stockbroker Edward Hull Jewett (b. Feb.4, 1860 in Brooklyn, N.Y.; d.1944) and they had two children:
  -  Edward Hull Jewett Jr.   (b. Oct.11, 1898 - d. July 8, 1981) 
  -  John Howard Jewett   (b.Feb.21, 1902 - d.Sept. 18, 1986 (also seen as d.Sept. 24?)
     {Edward Hull Jr. and John Howard were Emmeline and JD Sherwood's grandchildren}

    Maude (aka Mrs. Edward H. Jewett) and her husband lived in Englewood until 1910, when they moved to New York City, where Maude kept an art studio from 1910 to 1930. 
In 1912 Maude and husband Edward Hull Jewett bought an ocean-side summer cottage at East Hampton, N.Y., which they called 'Inkpot'. Maude Sherwood died on April 16, 1953, in her 79th year. She is buried in Cedar Lawn cemetery in East Hampton, Suffolk County, N.Y.; beside her husband Edward Hull Jewett, who had died in 1944..

    Maude's mother, Emmeline C. Sherwood, passed away on Feb. 8, 1919, at age 85 (almost 86). She is buried at the Brookline Cemetery, along with her second husband, John D. Sherwood. (On her gravestone in the Brookline Cemetery (N.J.), her first name is spelled "Emeline")

                                        [Seeing as Maude's mom, Emmeline, was still alive in 1912 when Maude and EHJ bought Inkpot, I wonder if  Emmeline had ever visited the cottage, maybe stayed for a week in the summers with her grand kids?! She must have! And, of course, Emmeline's son (Maude's brother) John Howard Sherwood - who died in 1915; see more further below - most likely had also visited there]. 

    John Howard Jewett, aka "Jack", was Maude's son (and therefore, Emmeline's grandson). He was a Princeton grad, class of 1923, and received a degree from Columbia's School of Architecture in 1927. He did marry; his wife Beatrice died in 1955. I'm not clear whether they had any children.
   He re-married in 1974 to Betty Martin Boyd. He was an uncle to Edward Hull Jewett III and to George M. Jewett (sons of his brother Edward Hull Jewett Jr. and first wife Georgiana) and uncle to John Sherwood Jewett (son of Edward Hull Jewett Jr. and his second wife, Camilla).

    update:
    - I found that Emmeline  and John D. Sherwood DID have another child, and so Maude did have an older brother: he was John Howard Sherwood, born in Cornwall-On-Hudson on Sept, 1, 1869, so he was just under 4 yrs old when Maude was born.
He died of heart complications on Jan.25, 1915, at only 45 yrs of age. He is buried in the Brookline Cemetery, NJ.
It was reported that at the time of his death, he was living in Englewood NJ at his mother's house. Emmeline would have then been in her 81st year when her son John Howard Sherwood died.  He had never married and had no children, and so Emmeline's blood line continued only through her daughter Maude's children.(...unless Emmeline and JD had other children ...??)

update:
 -To my astonishment, I have found a link to yet another name confirmed as a child of Emmeline and John D. Sherwood!! This was through a wedding notice published in the New York Times on Apr. 3, 1902.
The name was Arthur C. Sherwood, a name I had not previously seen before in relation to Emmeline and John D. The middle initial C stood for Charles
Yet, there it was, another link - which then begs the question - once again - of exactly WHICH "four children" was J.D. Sherwood's obituary referring to? I had assumed that they were referring to the 'four children' as being Emmeline's first husband Zimmerman's two boys, plus Maude and John Howard Sherwood; but now that another name has entered the picture, this has to be reconsidered. The question now is: if Zimmerman's 2 boys were NOT part of the '4 children' and if the '4 children' only refers to the actual issue of Emmeline and JD - then who was the fourth child???! 
So far, then, I have found three names of Emmeline and John D. Sherwood's children: 
John Howard Sherwood, b. 1869
Maude Sherwood, b. 1873
Arthur Charles Sherwood, b. 1877
So: who is yet to be found here?

The Apr.3, 1902 wedding notice read: 
The wedding last night of Miss Carolyn C. Bartow, daughter of John A. Bartow, to Arthur C Sherwood, son of the late Col J. D. Sherwood. at St. Paul's Church, was the social event of Englewood of Easter week.: The bride was attired In white crepe de chine trimmed with point d' esprit and carried s bouquet of white lilacs

Her maid of honor was her younger sister, .Miss Marguerite M. Bartow and her bridesmaids were Miss Caroline Reboul. New York; Miss Elsie Supplie, Miss Elisabeth Taylor, and Miss Florence Taylor, Philadelphia; Miss Katherine Park and Miss Louise Bayless, Englewood. 

Mr. Sherwood's best man was his brother. John Sherwood, and the ushers were James Chapin, William Margin Coe. John Kerr, Bayard Bartow. Albert Coe, Charles H. B. Chapin, Edward White, and E. Seward Prosser. The Rev. George F. Flichtner, rector of St. Paul's, read the service" .

    Carolyn and Arthur C. Sherwood were buried in Englewood's Brookline Cemetery; their headstone reads:
"ARTHUR. C. SHERWOOD May 7, 1877  - May 5, 1925
His Wife
CAROLYN C. BARTOW OCT. 16, 1877 - Dec.5, 1965"

    I was not sure if Arthur C. and Carolyn had children; it had been difficult to find answers.
{If they had kids, it would mean that Emmeline's blood line would have continued through her daughter Maude's children, and through her son Arthur's children  - and so then there would be cousins found here, with  Maude's Jewett family line, and Arthur's Sherwood family line.}
   Update:
   It appears that Arthur C. Sherwood and Carolyn C. Bartow had one child (...that I could find; there may be others..?)  - a daughter named Carolyn Sherwood. {Carolyn therefore, was Emmeline and John. D. Sherwood's grand-daughter!!} Carolyn Sherwood was born in Englewood on Dec.30, 1908, and died on Apr. 24, 1999.

    Carolyn was married on May 1, 1937 to David Ives Mackie Jr. (b.Oct.19, 1903, d. Feb.1966 ) and they had 2 children:
 - David Ives Mackie III  b?
 - Arthur S. Mackie  b?
     David and Arthur were Emmeline and J.D.'s great-grandchildren!!
In reading Carloyn S.Mackie's 1999 obituary, it is noted that she also had several grandchildren - which means that those grand kids were also Emmeline and  J.D.'s great-great-grandchildren!! 
 
UPDATE:
     I am amazed to report that I have finally found - after several years of searching - the mysterious 'fourth child' of Emmeline and J.D. Sherwood!!                 
I was searching through the 1880 US Census records and found a "John H. Sherwood" listed, as being born 'about' 1870 in NJ, his father listed as American - and his mother Canadian!!
    It turns out that this was indeed John Howard Sherwood!! He was listed as "son", and being 10 years old in 1880! 
    Looking further down the census info, lo and behold, I found more corroboration that this actually was a listing of Emmeline and J. D.' s children - because "Maud A. Sherwood" was also listed as "daughter", shown born 1873,  age 7 in 1880, and father being American and mother Canadian!!!! (The census spelled her name as "Maud" - no 'e.' In other places, I've seen it as "Maude")
    Which brings me to the point after all this searching:
 - that there was ANOTHER child listed along with John H. and Maud A. in the 1880 Census: it was a girl named FLORA E. SHERWOOD!!!
    She was also listed as "daughter", born 1871 and being age 9 in 1880!
    So, the long lost mystery child has been found - it was Flora!! 
   I was astounded to find this link, as before I started looking at the census info, there really was little information anywhere that I could find about Emmeline and J.D.'s children. 
Emmeline and John D. Sherwood had two boys and two girls!! Maude had an older sister!! 
   
The revised list:
 - John Howard Sherwood, b. 1869
 - Flora E. Sherwood, b. ''around" 1871 per the 1880 Census; but I have also seen her birthdate as being either Sept. 1, 1870, or Aug.3, 1870, as apparently there was some discrepancy over her baptismal records at St. Paul's church in Englewood {...where the baptism date was supposedly recorded as being on Aug.3, 1870, but the birth date recorded as being on Sept. 1, 1870... giving the impression that Flora was baptized before she was born!!}
Also, the 1880 Census listed Flora's middle initial as "E", but I have since confirmed that the initial  'E' stood for 'Emmaline' (with an 'a')  - representing Flora's mother Emmeline's name!!! 
     (Regarding the spelling of her mother's name with an 'a' or an 'e', I just wonder if that discrepancy somehow is a cultural artifact hearkening back to Emmeline's birth in Quebec, where Emmeline would have been the common spelling in French Canada, but, over the years in the States, her name morphed into Emmaline. 
    On her gravestone, Emmeline C. Sherwood's name is spelled "Emeline" - for some reason, with just one 'm', not the usual two. Yet, the French Canadian 'e' is there - not an 'a'!!!)
 - Maude A. Sherwood, b. 1873 (the 1880 census listed Maude's middle initial was "A". I have not been able to find out what her middle name was).
 - Arthur C. Sherwood, b. 1877 (C stood for Charles)

    So, in all the good news that this fourth child was found, I did, though also find more questions. For example  there wasn't any listing that I could find in the same 1880 federal census, for Arthur C. Sherwood!! In 1880, Arthur. C. would have been 3 years old, and he should have (?) been listed along with the other 3 children. That was strange. Why wouldn't he have been included?
Also listed in the household was an "Anna Kane", categorized as "other", born 1848, 32 years old in 1880 - I wonder what her relationship was to the Sherman family - perhaps she was a live-in maid to the household; or possibly a care-giver, seeing as John D. at one point had suffered a stroke??

    If Flora E. had kids,then her kids (along with Maude's kids and Arthur C.'s kids) would all be Emmeline and John D.'s grandchildren! It would very interesting to see how the Sherman family line continued here, through Emmeline and JD! (John Howard never married and did not have kids)

    - And now for another update, updating the previous updated updates..!
I have found more links to Flora E.Sherwood! How the family line continues!
Flora E. Sherwood was married in Englewood, NJ, on Oct.. 18, 1892 to William Gerard Vermilye Jr., who was a career banker associated with the firm Brown Bros.

    Flora E. and William had four children:
Katherine Rowland Vermilye   b. Feb.8, 1895   d. Nov.30, 1981 (cremated)
William Gerard Vermilye III   b  July 9, 1898   d. Aug.30, 1898
Sherwood Vermilye               b. Nov.22, 1900 d. July 28 1972
Gerard Lathrop Vermilye    b. Aug.15, 1904 d. May 19, 1992
    
 So we see that Flora's mother, Emmeline, had lived to see seven grandchildren born:
 - four (above) from her daughter Flora E.
 - two ( John Howard and Edward Hull) from her daughter Maude
 - one (Carolyn) from her son Arthur C. 
 Unfortunately, John D. Sherwood, who passed away in 1891, never got to see any of his grand kids. 

    Flora's 4 kids, and her younger sister Maude's 2 kids, and Arthur's 1(?) kid, were born after J.D. had died. How much joy her grandchildren must have brought to Emmeline!! 
    But there were further heartbreaks to come: we see that Flora's second child, William Vermilye III,  had died within two months of being born. The baby's burial site is not known. Emmeline lived through the loss of two husbands, Samuel and John D.; through the horror of losing grandchild William, and later, in 1915, she would bear the pain of losing her oldest son John.
   
  Flora's husband William G. Vermilye Jr. was born on Jun.21 1867 in Newark NJ. They had lived for a long time at 152 Hudson Ave. in Tenafly, NJ. 
    After over 40 years in the banking business - starting in 1890 - William G. Vermilye Jr. retired in 1932. On Oct. 18, 1942, Flora and William had happily celebrated their golden wedding anniversary; less then 2 months later, on  Dec.14, 1942, Flora died, at the family home on Hudson Ave.
    In a terrible denouement, husband William then died three days later, on Dec.17, 1942. What a double shock for their children.
    Maude Sherwood, Flora's younger sister, lived through this tragedy in her family's history.

    What of Flora and William's children?
    I found that daughter Katherine Rowland Vermilye had been married on Feb.21, 1925 to Charles Culberson Alford (Charles C. Alford was born Nov 13, 1894, and died Apr. 29, 1969) The 1940 US Census showed Charles and Katherine were listed as both being 44 yrs old, and living in Washington D.C., at the time, with two children:
 - son Josiah P. Alford, then age 7,
 - and daughter Mary S. Alford, age 5!!
{These two children were Emmeline's great-great-grandchildren - because Katherine was their mother, Flora was their grandmother, and Maude was their great-grandmother, making Emmeline their great great grandmother.}
Josiah's middle name was Perry.
Mary's middle initial "S" stood for "Sherwood'' - hearkening back to her great-great-grand parents, Emmeline and John D. Sherwood!
   
   Josiah P. Alford was born Jan.13, 1933, and died Dec.31, 1999. In June 1957 he married Dorothy St. Onge (spelling?) Dorothy was born Jul.17, 1933; she died July 18, 2015.  Josiah and Dorothy had two children:
 - Anna Elizabeth Alford, b. Apr.14, 1959, d.May 9, 2012
 - Katherine Marian Alford b. c1961, deceased prior to 2015

Mary Sherwood Alford (Josiah P.'s sister) was born Oct.22 (or 21?) 1934, and died Jun.4, 2016. On Aug.26, 1958 she had married David Naboth Williams (b.May 8, 1933; d.Oct.9, 2006) and they had four children:
   - Sherwood Williams
   - Megan Alice Williams
   - Gwyneth Gordon
   - Caitlin Sanderson

   So we can see that Josiah and Dorothy's two kids, Anna and Katherine; and David and Mary's four kids, were of course, cousins, but, also, that these six children were Emmeline and J.D. Sherwood's great-great-great-grand-children!! Which also means that Charles and Mary Dunn were their great-great-great-great-grandparents!!!
   Furthermore, in Mary S. Alford's 2016 obituary, it was noted that, of her 4 kids, she also became a proud grandmother to 2 grandchildren: Justin and Zoe Wade - - - - which means that their great-great-great-great grandparents were Emmeline and John D. Sherwood, and, that their great-great-great-great-great grandparents were Charles and Mary Dunn!!!!! 

     {... ...and there's that long arc of time again, of family and blood and joy and sorrow... wow...}
Unfortunately, Dorothy S. Alford was predeceased by her husband, and by both her daughters -
daughter Anna Elizabeth did not have any children; I am not sure whether Katherine Marian did.

   I managed to find that Gerard Lathrop Vermilye {Flora E. and William's son}was married on Sept. 30, 1928 to Marjorie Dibble. (She was born Sept.1, 1906 and died Jul.31, 1990). The 1940 Census showed them living at 9 Orchard Pl. in Tenafly NJ; he was listed as age 35, she was listed as "Margery"', age 34 - and they had an 8 yr. old son {born Jun.20, 1931) named Gerard Vermilye Jr. who was, therefore, another great-grandchild of Emmeline and John D. Sherwood!!
  (It is not clear if Gerard Jr. married or had kids. I did find that Gerard Jr. did become an actor (at times under the stage name 'Jerry Todd' or 'Jerry Wallace; and was also a prolific author of many film and actor-biography books, under the pen name 'Jerry Vermilye').

   I couldn't find much about Sherwood Vermilye {Flora E. and William's other son} He had a wife, Gladys.E, who died on Jan 15, 1976; Sherwood had died in 1972. It appears they did not have children of their own; but Sherwood had been a step-father to Gladys' children. Interestingly, Sherwood had also been a long term president of the Tenalfy N.J., Board of Health. 

  Also interestingly, Sherwood Vermilye and his brother G. Lathrop Vermilye, had started a brokerage firm - Vermilye Brothers, specializing in insurance stocks - located at 50 Broadway in New York City. They announced the formation of their new firm in a New York Times ad - which appeared on Nov. 23, 1933! Since the great stock market crash of 1929, the economy had been in a long depression, and by 1933 it was pretty much at its lowest - most depressing - point. What a time to form a  new brokerage!! I wonder how that firm fared?
-
   The home of Emmeline and John D. Sherwood in Englewood Cliffs was apparently called "Stone Lodge", and was supposedly designed by John D. Sherwood; was this the house where Emmeline's son John Howard came to die?
At first, I could not find any reference of this house in Englewood's interesting 19th century history! Where in Englewood was this house, the home of the Sherwoods???!  I searched the Jewett family records and found no earlier references to Emmeline Sherman (who was in fact John Howard Jewett's and Edward Hull Jewett Jr.'s grandmother, by way of  her daughter Maude Sherwood's marriage to Edward Hull Jewett (Sr.)

  Update
  I have been able to find a photo below of the fine home ('Stone Lodge') which Col. John D. Sherwood and wife Emmeline had built in 1877 in Englewood, New Jersey! Picture was found in the book Englewood and Englewood Cliffs by Arcadia Publishing, which stated that the house was originally known as the Sherwood House, and was renamed as the Brinckerhoff House (after new owners) in 1911. The house was described as being "made of coursed rubble brownstone in the Stick Style with some Gothic Revival elements".

above: it is wonderful to see that the same house still stands at 157 Sherwood Place in Englewood NJ

    After finding out this new information on the Sherwood house in Englewood, the previous above questions I had raised about where John Howard Sherwood had died, remain unanswered. When John Howard Sherwood died in 1915, he was apparently staying at his mother Emmeline's house. But - if  the former Sherwood House became the Brinckerhoff family's house in 1911 - then where was Emmeline actually living in 1915, when her son died?? Had she moved elsewhere within the town?
    I did find that in the 1910 federal census (just a year before the 'sale' of the house...) Emmeline, then aged 75, was listed still living in this house, along with her son John Howard, then 40. Also listed living at the house was a Hortensia Goodyear, aged 24 - who was most likely a caregiver or maid.

    Also, I found an interesting notice in the social pages of  the East Hampton Star, Aug.31, 1950, which announced the engagement of a Miss Suzanne Macdonald Barnes to an Edward Hull Jewett III (the son of Edward Hull Jewett Jr. and wife Georgina)
What's interesting is that this notice stated that Edward Hull Jewett III "is the grandson of Mrs. Edward Hull Jewett of East Hampton, and the late Mr. Jewett"
    What this means, is that EHJ III's grandmother (referred to here as "Mrs. Edward Hull Jewett") was actually Maude Sherwood (Emmeline and John D. Sherwood's daughter)!! 
    Edward Hull 'Jed' Jewett III (the groom) was Edward Hull Jewett Jr.'s son; and, Edward Hull Jr. was Maude Sherwood and Edward Hull Sr.'s son  -- which means that Maude Sherwood {aka "Mrs. Edward Hull Jewett"} was Edward Hull Jewett III's grandmother - and which further means that Emmeline Sherwood was Edward Hull Jewett III's great-grandmother!
     Seeing as Maude Sherwood was still alive in 1950, when EH Jewett III and bride Suzanne Barnes were married, I wonder if the groom's grandmother Maude attended their wedding?  
                         
above: photo of the bride, Mrs. Edward Hull Jewett III, former Miss Suzanne Barnes, on her wedding day, Sept.30, 1950 (in the Oct.5, 1950 issue of the Millburn and Short hills ITEM
       The story, though nicely detailed, didn't say much about the guests, or whether granny Maude had attended. We do learn that the groom's best man was his brother George M. Jewett; and that one of the ushers was William C. Kreuger Jr. - he would have been one of the sons of  beer baron William C. Kreuger, from his first marriage. By 1950 the beer baron was married to Georgina, former wife of Edward Hull Jewett Jr.
    {I also wonder if Maude's son, Edward Hull Jewett Jr. (the groom's father) attended this wedding?! After all, the groom's mother, Georgina (formerly "Mrs. Edward Hull Jewett II") was EHJ Jr'.s first wife! They had divorced at least 8 yrs earlier, at some point before 1942, after which EHJ Jr. had married second wife Camilla. Georgina subsequently married the beer baron and thus became "Mrs. William C. Krueger". So, were EHJ Jr. and his second wife Camilla graciously invited to his son's wedding? Did sparks fly between the ex's?? Or was it a peaceful ceremony?!}
  
  I have since found that Edward Hull Jewett III's wife Suzanne passed away Jul.29, 2010, age 81, predeceasing her husband after nearly 61 years of marriage.
 They had two children:
        - Jacqueline B. Jewett 
        - Edward Hull Jewett IV
        ...which means that Jaqueline and EHJ IV are the great-great grandchildren of  Emmeline and J.D. Sherwood!!

Edward Hull "Todd' Jewett IV married wife Lynn, and they had two children:
        - Jennifer L. Jewett 
         - Bryn M. Jewett
         ...which means that Jennifer and Bryn are the great-great-great grandchildren of Emmeline and John D. Sherwood!!!

    ...Another related sidebar: a society notice in the Oct. 12, 1918 edition of  Brooklyn Life  I found read:
    "Colonel and Mrs. Louis Jewett Praeger of 124 Willow St. (in Brooklyn I suppose) have announced the engagement of their daughter Miss Mary Elizabeth Praeger to Ensign Edward Hull Jewett Jr., U.S.N.R.F., son of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Hull Jewett of 200 West Fifty-seventh St. Manhattan, and Easthampton L.I. (Long Island)"        
   So, just to clarify: this was Maude's son - EHJ Jr. - who was apparently scheduled to be engaged to Mary Elizabeth Praeger!!       

   But strangely, here's another twist - I have not been able to find out if this engagement actually ended up in marriage - because the only actual marriage records I've found, don't show Edward Hull Jewett Jr. ever marrying a Miss Praeger... so what happened there??? 

   {...by the way, how interesting it is to find Maude's actual address in the Big Smoke, listed as: 200 W. 57th, Manhattan, which was - and still is! - the address of a building located basically next door (across the street) from Carnegie Hall!! Nice! This was the "Rodin Studios" building, built in 1916-17 (designed by architect Cass Gilbert, who was also the architect of the Woolworth Building in 1913). The Rodin Studios originally had two-level residence /work-space studios for artists. Maude kept a studio in Manhattan from as early as 1910, so she must have moved from some other space into the Rodin building, around the time when it was newly built, and kept the space until 1930! By the late 1950's-60's, the building was converted to office use and the double-level units were eliminated.}

     Getting back to Edward Hull Jewett Jr. - nowhere does it show that he ever married Miss Praeger; but, he was married twice:
 -  his first wife was Georgiana (also seen spelled Georgina) Frances Morrison; they married on May 19, 1925. They had two sons:

  - Edward Hull Jewett III {...the one who went on to marry Suzanne Barnes in 1950};
  - George Morrison Jewett {see more on George further below}
     Edward Hull Jewett Jr. was Georgina's first husband; they divorced at some point prior to 1942.
    
    {Georgina's second marriage was to William C. Kreuger Sr., president of the G. Kreuger Brewing Company; one of his company's notable innovations is that they were the first brewery in the U.S. to sell beer in cans! Georgina was William C. Kreuger Sr.'s second wife; they did not have children of their own. Georgina's father was George F. Morrison (...who had been a director on the board of General Electric!!!) Most likely Georgina and EHJ Jr. had named one of their sons after Georgina's dad!!
I am not sure of when Georgina passed away.
{In an Aug.31, 1975 NYT article, which  announced that her son George M. Jewett was going to marry Margaret Rowe Nichols (his second wife), it stated that he was the "son of the late Mrs. William C. Kruger (sic no "e" ) So, Georgina - whose second husband was beer baron William C. Kreuger - had already passed away at some point prior to Aug. 1975}

   - Edward Hull Jewett Jr.'s second wife was Camilla L. Roy; they married on Aug. 16, 1942, and they had a son, John Sherwood Jewett. (I wonder if  EHJ Jr and his wife Camilla choose to name their son "John Sherwood" to honour John D. Sherwood - who was EHJ Jrs. grandfather? I would like to think so..! ...oh how the generations roll on...) John Sherwood Jewett was therefore Emmeline and J.D. Sherwood's great-grandson!  
    Edward Hull Jewett Jr. passed away in 1981, and Camilla (who had been born Aug.30, 1911) passed away on Jan.27, 2014 - - - at age 102 !!!!! 
    
   It is astounding to realize that Emmeline Sherwood (Camilla's husband Edward's grandmother) was still alive when Camilla was born: Camilla would have been 7 years old when Emmeline died in 1919. 
   Here we see a massive arc of time, directly connected by just two people - from Emmeline who was born in 1833, to Camilla, who died in 2014, and who had married Emmeline's grandson - stretching 181 years!! We see all the husbands and wives and children who have been interwoven in this fabric of time, who have come and gone, and whose threads still continue forth.

    Although Emmeline and Camilla never met, they are forever linked through their children:
Camilla's obituary appeared in the East Hampton Star (Feb.5, 2014)
..."Mrs. Jewett is survived by her son, who lives in San Francisco, and her stepsons, Edward H. Jewett III of Morristown, N.J., and George M. Jewett of Las Vegas. She also leaves one grandchild, four stepgrandchildren, and five step great-grandchildren..."

      ... ... and so that long arc of time marches on:
      We see that Camilla and Edward Hull Jewett Jr. did have a grandchild (name?) through son John Sherwood - - which means that this child's great-grandparents were Maude and Edward Hull Jewett Sr, and the great-great-grandparents were Emmeline and J.D. Sherwood!!!!
              
    (The "4 step-grand-children" and  "5 step great-grandchildren" mentioned in Camilla's obituary would refer to the children of Edward H. Jewett III and George M. Jewett. 
Edward H. Jewett III and George M. Jewett were Camilla's step-sons, because her husband Edward H. Jewett Jr. had been previously married, and had these two sons with his first wife Georgiana)

   George Morrison Jewett (Edward Hull Jewett III 's brother) was born in 1929. 
George M. Jewett married twice. I was not able to find the name of his first wife, only that she died in 1955, and that they had 2 children, Kristianna Jewett and George M. Jewett (the son must have been known as George Morrison Jewett Jr. (?) and who, it appears, was born May 9, 1953 and died Sept. 18, 1995). Kristianna and George, therefore, were Emmeline and J.D.Sherwood's great-great grandchildren!! (It is not clear whether Kristianna or George had children)

    George Morrison Jewett Sr. (the one born 1929) was divorced prior to 1975, and he then married his second wife, 30 yr. old Margaret Rowe Nichols, on Oct. 12, 1975. 
    George M. Jewett died at the age of 88, and was buried at Cedar Lawn cemetery in East Hampton, on July 26, 2018. George and Margaret did have a son: Lamon Harkness Jewett. 

      I found a social notice in the May 13, 2012 Las Vegas Review Journal announcing that Lamon Harkness Jewett had married Jennifer Mary Wade on Apr. 14, 2012, in Lexington Kentucky.
      The notice stated that the groom Lamon is the son of Mrs. Margaret Jewett and Mr. George Jewett; and the notice also stated that the groom is the grandson of the late Mrs. Georgina Morrison Krueger and the late Edward Hull Jewett. (...they left out the "Jr." or the "II" part, but this is definitely Edward Hull Jewett Jr. (aka "II") who was Lamon's grandfather!)

    So from this, we can say for certain that the groom Lamon is ALSO:
- the direct great-grandson of  Maude Sherwood and Edward Hull Jewett;
- the direct great-great-grandson of Emmeline Dunn Zimmerman Sherwood and John D. Sherwood;
- the direct great-great-great grandson of Charles Dunn and Mary Hibbard Dunn!!!!!!!

    It is amazing to see this arc of time - spanning from the early 1800's to 2012 - linking the thread of  descendants through Niagara's Emmeline Zimmerman! 

    It is also rather astounding, sobering, and humbling, to consider and realize that life would have unfolded differently, that Emmeline's descendants would not have been born, had Samuel Zimmerman not died in that railway accident. 
    Who knows what could have been - what was, is; what was not, is not.

    ...Another sidebar: for some strange reason (it must be a mistake) an edition of the East Hampton Star (July 2, 1998) reported that Edward Hull Jewett's wife Maude, was born in 1874 (I have also seen the date given as 1873). They also referred to her birth name being "Maude Dunn"!! But: Maude was definitely born a Sherwood: she was Emmeline and John D. Sherwood's daughter - so, how could she have been born with the surname "Dunn"??! Dunn was Maude's mother Emmeline's maiden name, when she was born in Quebec, from before she married Samuel Zimmerman! Yet another unanswered question..!

Update: 
                                           "THE BROKEN BRANCH" 
Several years after I began writing this, I inadvertently stumbled upon yet another astonishing piece of the puzzle surrounding Emmeline and JD Sherwood's descendants, a piece of information that even the Jewett family genealogy website does not state! 
I had found references to a "Jewett Ed Hull" in an 1894 New York "social register":
The names were not familiar to me at first, and did not fit into any context that I could see. Several years later, I then found that a "Rose Howard Jewett" (a name I had not previously encountered) appeared in a photo on the Find a Grave site:
   Seeing as there are, well... thousands of "Jewetts" and "Howards" out there, and seeing that nowhere had I found previous mention of a "Rose Howard Jewett" anywhere in relation to the Emmeline Sherwood descendant-chain (...and, I'd' written tons about it, and scoured through a lot of stuff...) I thought that this unknown Rose was from some other distant Jewett family branch, unrelated and not relevant to my research on Emmeline's descendants. 
    I looked at the info provided:
    This pretty girl Rose was born Nov.17, 1871 in  Brooklyn, and she died Nov.8, 1894 in Brooklyn - so she died young, just shy of her 23rd birthday. 
    I then remembered that 1894 "social register" which I had previously seen, which had mentioned a "Jewett Ed Hull" and a "Rose Howard", but still, didn't connect any context between the two above finds.
   So I kept looking at the Find a Grave site, and well... I found a grave: a photo of  Rose Howard Jewett's grave stone at the Green Wood cemetery in Brooklyn, and I was shocked by what I found:


                           At the base of the headstone is this inscription :

                                              ROSE  HOWARD 
                                                      WIFE OF
                                      EDWARD  HULL  JEWETT 
                                        Born                         Died
                                    Nov 17, 1871            Nov.8, 1894

   I stared at this photo, wondering, hey, wait a minute: the only "Edward Hull Jewett" that I know of  was Maude Sherwood's husband, so this can't be him being mentioned here on Rose's gravestone, he was married to Maude. 
  Then I went back and checked to see the date on which Maude and EHJ were married, and realized it had been in Dec.1897... .... and started thinking whaaaaaat...?!? Rose Howard dies in 1894... and Maude gets married in 1897...??? ...could it be...????
   Then I looked again at that 1894 "social register" and I realized that those very dark, bold, elongated letters (the weird font seen between the words "Jewett" and "Ed Hull") actually are stylized forms of "MR and MRS" !!!!!  

   I realized that I had stumbled upon Edward Hull Jewett's first wife: Rose Howard Jewett!!
Nowhere had I seen this information before, that EHJ had been previously married, and that Maude Sherwood was Edward Hull Jewett's second wife. So, there had been two "Mrs. Edward Hull Jewetts" - first Rose, and then Maude.

    The fact that this social register was from 1894 - and that EHJ and Rose were listed, and that Rose died Nov.8 1894, was weird, but, clearly, she passed away after this register had been printed.
    What a shock for Edward Hull Jewett. 
Once I learned the identity of our forgotten Rose, I was subsequently able to find that Edward Hull Jewett had married Rose Howard on Jan.31, 1894 -  and just ten months later, she died.
   I  have not been able to find out the circumstances of her passing. Could it be that she was pregnant, and complications developed at childbirth? 
    Such a sad story. Reminds me of Emmeline's experience losing her husband Samuel after 3 months of marriage.
   So Edward Hull Jewett became a widower, and at some point during the next 3 years, had met Maude Sherwood, and married her in Dec. 1897; on Oct.11, 1898, Edward and Maude's first son Edward Hull Jewett Jr. was born.

   ...Oh how life's intrigues and vagaries and joys and sorrows fly by...

   I subsequently was able to discover an announcement (published in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle on Feb.1,1894) detailing Rose Howard and Edward Hull Jewett's wedding, which had taken place the previous day, on Dec.31, 1894!!
    So there it is - it was real.
    EHJ had been married prior to Maude. 
    It was strangely saddening and rather shocking for me, after all this time, to discover this unknown, early link, this hidden-in-plain-view yet forgotten, tiny branch of Sherwood/Jewett history, a branch cruelly snapped by Rose's tragic young death, never reaching its maturity. In the years it took me to piece together the Sherwood/Jewett trail, chronicling the descendants of Emmeline, this little branch was never mentioned anywhere
   Again, it brought back that sombre, stark realization (as it had with Samuel's Zimmerman's death) that, if Rose had not died, then Edward Hull Jewett would not have married Maude Sherwood, and consequently, the chain of Emmeline's descendants (via Maude and Edward) as we now know them, would never have been born... Rose and Edward would have had their own family, and Maude hers...   ...but, it's all speculation now, isn't it...? - what might have been; what could  have been, if only this or that had happened instead... ... what happened, is what happened.

   As we now see, that Rose was the youngest daughter of the well-known journalist and writer Joseph Howard Jr.
Rose and Edward were married at the Calvary church at Fourth Avenue and Twenty First Street in New York City. (the same building is still there!).
The maid of honour was Miss Maud Howard -  Rose's sister.
The best man was "Mr. C. H. Jewett Jr." {Charles Henry Jewett Jr. b.Sept.6, 1869-d.Nov.12, 1934; he was groom Edward H. Jewett's younger brother. 
One of the ushers was "George Jewett" {That would be George W. Jewett, b.1872-d.1948} - the groom's youngest brother
      The wedding reception was held at Rose's parent's house, the Howard home at 7 West Twenty-first Street, where "many Brooklynites tendered their congratulations" - including General Horatio C. King and his wife! Col. King's wife was a sister of Joseph Howard's, so, King was Joseph's brother-in-law. 
    (King was a Civil War veteran, awarded for bravery, who attained the level of colonel brevet, and later became the Judge Advocate General (JAG) of the New York National Guard.)
     Interesting to see all the people who attended, all the family and friends who celebrated with Rose and Edward and who would have been part of their lives for a long time to come. 

     But life had different plans.

     On Nov.8, 1894, Rose died.The Howards lost their youngest daughter; Edward lost his wife.
     The Brooklyn Daily Eagle ran this obituary on Nov.9, 1894:

     Rose Howard Jewett, the first wife of Edward Hull Jewett, died on Thursday evening, Nov.8, 1894.
     Rose's funeral was held at 2.30 pm on Sunday, Nov.11, 1894 at the Joseph family's home at 7 West Twenty-first St. - - the same place where just 10 months earlier, newlyweds Rose and Edward and their friends had celebrated their future.
 - - - 
      ....and, yes... there's yet another odd tangent to the story of Rose, which I could see only now. 
      I noticed that in the above wedding report which had detailed Rose and Edward's wedding, one of the other ushers mentioned was a "Louis Praeger". Again, I thought, why does this name seem vaguely familiar???
     It's weird enough that I had essentially by accident found the link to Rose Howard and Edward Hull Jewett, years after  I had done the links on the subsequent Sherman/Jewett chain - - so why did this name "Praeger" ring a bell again? 
    After all, it would be more than strange (wouldn't it??) for me to discover a link from here (ie from the past, from this newly-discovered Edward / Rose 'wife 1' connection) to the future Edward / Maude 'wife 2' chain. After all, I had already done the Edward / Maude  'future' and there seemed to be no connection {... so I thought... } between the past Edward / Rose broken chain. and the future Edward / Maude chain.

    And then I realized why this name "Praeger" sounded familiar: it's because there WAS a link connecting the past of Edward / Rose to the future of Edward / Maude!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

   This "Louis Praeger" { ie. - from the 1894 Edward / Rose past - -} pops up  24 years later, in 1918 { ie - way in the Edward / Maude future !!} being mentioned in that engagement notice (which I had already written about farther back in this post) that appeared in the Oct. 12, 1918 edition of  Brooklyn Life !!!
  This engagement notice read:
          "Colonel and Mrs. Louis Jewett Praeger of 124 Willow St. {Brooklyn} have announced the engagement of their daughter Miss Mary Elizabeth Praeger to Ensign Edward Hull Jewett Jr., U.S.N.R.F., son of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Hull Jewett of 200 West Fifty-seventh St. Manhattan, and Easthampton L.I. (Long Island)"        
   
     So, just to clarify:  Ensign Edward Hull Jewett Jr. was Maude and Edward Hull Jewett's son -  their first son, the one born Oct. 11, 1898,  now exactly 20 years old!!!

     Louis Praeger (now a Colonel) obviously knew Edward Hull Jewett and his first wife Rose from way back (he was an usher at their wedding in 1894!), and he was set on his daughter Mary Elizabeth Praeger marrying Edward and Maude's son EHJ Jr. 
     I would think that most likely, this had all been discussed and agreed upon with Maude and Edward as well - yet: apparently, for some reason lost to time, Mary and  EHJ Jr. never did actually get married.
EHJ Jr. was a navy man, and WW I would end a month after this engagement notice appeared - - so, who knows what happened here, and why the engagement was called off.

     In  another related  interesting twist, we know that Maud Howard (Rose's sister) had been the maid of honour at Rose and Edward's wedding on Jan.21, 1894. Maud was born on Nov.4, 1869, and was two years older than Rose. We also know that one of the ushers at Rose and Edward Jewett's wedding was a Mr. F.D. Beard - this was Francis (also referred to as Frank) David Beard. It turns out that things heated up between Maud and Francis D. Beard, and they were married on Feb.12, 1895! The marriage ceremony took place at the Howard family residence, at 7 West 21st St. (the same home where Rose had had her wedding party - and her funeral wake)
  Francis and Maud's wedding was basically 3 months after Rose had died. 
  Francis was an avid horseman, and knew both Maud and Rose from at least 1891, as they were all reported in the Brooklyn Life society pages riding together in the Richfield Springs coach parade. One can only wonder if the bittersweet shock of  Rose's death in the fall prompted Maud and Francis to marry.
 When Maud and Francis had their first child on May 6, 1896, she was given the name Rose Howard - a perfect fitting tribute to honour Maud's departed younger sister. 

  As it turns out, Francis Beard would die on Apr.26, 1901, at age 35, after an appendicitis operation, leaving Maud a widow with 5 young children, the oldest being daughter Rose. Little Rosebud would have had her 5th birthday coming up in less than two weeks; how utterly sad - she'd never see her dad again.
 Five years later, in April, 1907, Maud married, and became Mrs. Irving T. Bush {...he the multi-millionaire owner of the massive Bush Terminal in Brooklyn, among other things...} Rose, now 10, adopted her stepfather's name, and became Miss Rose Howard Bush. In 1915, Rose became engaged to Mr. Arthur Tucker Ellsworth. 
  Maud and Irving lived together for 23 years. They had a child, Rufus Ter Bush (named after Irving's father) Rufus was born Apr.24, 1908, died Dec.4 1950, age 42.
  But on June 9, 1930, in a move which made national headlines, Irving quite rudely divorced Maud and within the hour married Marian Spore.
  Maud was Irving's second wife, and Irving was Maud's second husband.
  Irving's first wife was Mabelle (nee Marlow); they had married in 1891 and had 2 daughters, Beatrice (b.1895) and Eleanor (b.1898) After 15 years of marriage Mabelle sued Irving for divorce in 1906, citing adultery (...it is not clear whether Maud was the "other woman" in this situation, because Mabelle refused to publicly name the person. But the circumstances point to Irving having an affair with Maud)       
  Mabelle was granted a divorce in Jan.1907. She was granted custody of their 2 children, and a 2  million dollar settlement.
  Irving then married Maud in Apr.1907. 
  By the late 1920's Irving became smitten with Marian Spore, and suddenly dumped Maude.
 Irving and Marian lived together for 16 years, until she died in 1946; Irving died in 1948. 
  Maude (b.Nov.4 1869) outlived  Marian and Irving, and died on Sept.7, 1963, at age 93.
  Oddly, Irving is buried in Green Wood Cemetery (Brooklyn) along side both Marian and Maud. Maud must surely have loved Irving, despite what he had done to her.
 *
  And, there is another interesting sidebar regarding Edward Hull Jewett's {EHJ's} father, Charles Henry Jewett. 
  Charles Henry Jewett was born Jun.10, 1830 and died Mar.25, 1906. 
On Apr.18, 1854, Charles had married Mary Adelaide Hull (b.Apr.1831 - d.?) and they had 6 children:
- Alice   b.1857 - d.Aug.11,1875
- John   b.1859
Edward Hull Jewett  b.Feb.4, 1860 (EHJ is the one who would later marry Rose Howard and then Maude Sherwood)
- Ida    b.1864
- Charles Henry Jewett Jr.   b.Sept.16, 1869 - d.Nov.12, 1934
- George W. Jewett  b.Sept.4, 1872 - d.Feb.11, 1948

    It turns out that EHJ had a lot of brothers and sisters, and, that as EHJ was growing up, EHJ's dad - Charles Henry Jewett - had been a partner in his family's manufacturing concern known as Jewett and Sons White Lead Works, which was located at Port Richmond on Staten Island, at 182 Front St., corner of Burling slip. (street now known as Richmond Terrace)
This company manufactured white lead powder, linseed oil and paints. It was founded in 1842 by Charles Henry Jewett's father, John Jewett. (...which means Charles H's son {EHJ} was John Jewett's grandson!)

   The firm's founder John Jewett was born Dec.1, 1787 and died Dec.23, 1867, at 80 years of age.
John Jewett and his wife Lucy Barrett Ripley (b. Oct 27, 1787 - d.Mar.6, 1859) had eleven children: 8 boys, 3 girls in total!! 
   For the purposes of this particular story, I will focus on 3 of their sons:
- John Jewett Jr. (b.Sept.18, 1809 - d. May 18, 1856) John Jewett Jr. was the first of John and Lucy's 11 kids.
- George Washington Jewett (b.Jan.2, 1816 -  d.Apr.5, 1877) George W. Jewett was the 5th child of 11
- Charles Henry Jewett {who became EHJ's dad} (b.Jun.10, 1830 - d.Mar.25, 1906). Charles Henry Jewett was the last of John and Lucy's 11 children.
             
  Founder John Jewett brought these above 3 sons into the business.
  Son John Jewett Jr. died at a youngish 47 in 1856 {...predeceasing his mom Lucy and his father John Sr.)
  In 1859, John Jewett Jr.'s only child, son Orville D. Jewett (b.1837), took over his late father John's role, and became a partner in the firm. (Orville was founder John Jewett's grandson)
So at the age of 22, Orville joined as a partner alongside his 2 uncles, George W. (who would have been 43 in 1859) and Charles H. (who would have been 29 in 1859) 
  There was also another senior long-time partner with the firm, Joseph A. Dean.

   John Jewett Jr. and wife Mary Bunce were married on Jan.6, 1834. (I have seen that Mary Bunce was born in 1820; if correct that means she was 14 when married... and that JJ Jr. (b.1809) would have been 25... and, seeing that Orville was born in 1837, then his  mother was only 17, maybe 18, at the time...) They had lived with their son Orville in a house at today's 200 Kingsley Ave. (formerly New York Ave.) in Westerleigh, Staten Island. 
  Today the house fronts north, facing onto Kingley Ave., but before that land was subdivided (c.1890's), the C-shaped house, sitting in the midst of a very large 42 acre lot, faced westward, towards what was then Jewett's Ave. The property was registered to Mrs. M. (Mary) Jewett (hence the name. Today the road is known as Jewett Ave., with the 's' dropped.). There was a very long driveway from Jewett's Ave. to the house, and another long drive way continued eastward from the rear of the house to the east-side of the property, which fronted onto Manor Road (which is still there under the same name). The area now is completely filled with houses.
    At the age of 25, Orville, (who was already working - as a partner - at the Jewett lead factory) was mustered into the Union army on Aug.20, 1862, at Albany NY.
Orville served in the Civil War with the 156th New York infantry.  He was commissioned to the rank of Captain on Nov.19, 1862.  On Mar.26, 1864, he tendered his resignation and was discharged at the age of 27. 
   In 1865, Orville then married Arabella Caroline Barrett (b.May 22, 1844 - d.Nov.14, 1877). They lived at what is today 15 Bement Ave. in New Brighton on Staten Island (less than a mile east of the lead factory). The house faced north, onto Richmond Terrace, the same street which the lead factory was on. Orville may well have on occasion taken the horse-car railway that ran along Richmond Ter. in front of his house, for a quick jaunt down the street to get to work... or maybe that would have been beneath him. In later years, Orville and his wife moved to Orange Valley, NJ.
    It turned out that Orville and Arabella did not have any children.

   George Washington Jewett  married Gertrude Duryea on Sept.26, 1839. They had a daughter Mary (Minnie) D. Jewett (b?- d.?) 
  G.W. Jewett and his family lived in mansion on a waterfront lot on Richmond Ter., just 2 short blocks to the west of the lead factory. He could walk to work in under five minutes. 
 (There was a neighboring waterfront estate just four small houses west of G.W.'s mansion; this was the mansion of Eberhard Faber - - the famous Pencil King!! This was Eberhard's place to rest, to erase all the hubub from his busy days at his factory in Manhattan (burned down in 1872) which had been located where the UN building would later be built. Faber set up a new factory in Greenpoint, Brooklyn. 
  Faber died on Mar.2, 1879; he was a longtime contemporary of the Jewetts, and would have obviously been well aware of the 1877 tragedy which occurred at his  neighbour's lead factory. (Coincidentally, in keeping with the weird connections within this story, Faber was buried at Green Wood cemetery in Brooklyn, the same place that EHJ''s wife Rose Howard would be buried  in 1894) 

   On Oct.5, 1865, Mary D. Jewett married Charles Taintor (b. Mar. 1840) 
(...it would turn out that Charles Taintor was a salesman who would have some work association with the Jewett factory; he became George W.'s son-in-law)
  Charles and Mary Taintor had {at least} 5 children:
- George J.    b..Feb.21, 1867 - d.Mar.8, 1893
- May    b.Sept..24, 1869  (also seen as Mary, b. c1868?)
- Henry Sherman    Dec.28 1871 (also seen 1872?)
- Gertrude R.    b.Jan.14,1873 - d.Sept.8, 1873
- Cornelius D.   b. Aug.6, 1876 (also seen b.Aug.1875?) (and seen d.May 19, 1922?)
- {I had also read that Charles and Mary had a daughter, apparently named Abby Louise Taintor and who died at age eleven, but could not find any more info on this. I wonder if perhaps this is the same girl as May {possibly Mary?} which might ave been a nickname; or, was there actually another daughter? Or could May and Mary and Abby be the same daughter, with the name misspelled...???}
- { and, I also read that there was another son, possibly a Charles West Taintor, b.Jan.1881 - d.Nov.23, 1911}
There's obviously some missing info revolving around this Taintor line! 

  And lastly, Charles Henry Jewett's family details I had outlined several paragraphs back. (I am not clear, however, where Charles Jewett's family (incl. EHJ, had actually lived during the lead factory years)

   It appears that George W. Jewett was the senior partner in the firm, and that Joseph A. Dean was also  long-time senior partner, very influential in the day to day operations of the business. 
Charles H. and his nephew Orville apparently had smaller roles in the business. 
It appears that Charles H.'s role was in the accounting / bookkeeping / administrative side of things; nevertheless he was a reliable, attentive and trusted worker. 
But Orville was apparently lackadaisical and did not fit with the workplace ethic of the other partners. Over the years, an undercurrent of friction had developed between Orville and his two uncles and Joseph Dean. 
   This rift dragged on and festered for years. In 1867 the founder of the firm, John Jewett Sr., passed away. The 2 remaining sons and Dean eventually realized that Orville was an obstacle in many ways, and began making overtures to buy him out. 
   Orville didn't want to sell, so that issue added to the low, slow boil.
Eventually - in 1877 - an offer was made to buy Orville's share in the business for $150,000 Apparently, Orville countered with a price of $200,0000 {in cash...!} and apparently (it will soon be clear why "apparently' is being used here so often...) this figure was accepted by the other partners, so  Orville (... apparently...) finally agreed to sell his share to his uncles. 
By 1877 Orville was now 40; his uncle George W. was now 61; and his other uncle Charles H. was now 47.
   Apparently, on Apr. 4, 1877, Orville had met with his own lawyer, John L. Sutherland, at Sutherland's office at 54 Wall St. in Manhattan, to review the sale documents, and these documents were to be signed and finalized at the Jewett factory offices the next day. 

   But what actually happened the next day, on Apr. 5, 1877, was an absolute horror.

   Orville, who was by now living in Orange Valley, New Jersey, left his home very early, and arrived at the Staten Island Jewett lead works uncharacteristically early on that morning. 
The clerks noticed that Orville's presence this early in the morning was not usual for him. Orville had casually spoken briefly to some people in front to the building; who later said that they detected nothing unusual about his demeanor.
  The clerks downstairs had noted it odd that Orville didn't take off his long "Ulster" coat, and went directly upstairs to his own 3rd-floor office, where he sat alone for about an hour. 
In the meantime, George W., Charles H., and Joseph Dean were working in the main 2nd-floor office. Dean was working at his desk, writing letters, and at one point, George W. asked  Charles H. to run an errand, to go to Peter Cooper's nearby store to buy some office supplies, so Charles left the building and headed for the store.

  It was basically just another typical day at the office.

   And then there was a sudden explosion in the upstairs main office, followed by what was later determined as gunshots. 

    As shocked and confused clerks ran upstairs to see what had occurred, they found the main office full of smoke, and saw George W. and Orville laying on the floor, and Dean slumped over his desk, all bloodied and wounded.    
   It was later determined that Orville had left his 3rd floor office and went downstairs to the main 2nd floor office at 10.15 am. One would think that if some kind of kind of altercation / dispute / confrontation took place, that there would have been some raising of voices, some yelling. Yet: there was no evidence of anything like that.
  Apparently, there was no prior warning: there was no yelling, no loud voices, no arguing, no scuffle of any kind, as stated by the clerks who were working at their desks in the 'bull-pen' in front of the office. The door to the office was wide open at the time, yet nothing unusual was heard until the blast occurred.  
  It appears that Orville had carried a live hand grenade hidden under his coat when he entered the office, and threw the grenade towards George W, who happened to have been standing beside Dean at  Dean's desk.
    The shrapnel from the grenade hit George W. full force. By virtue of where he had been standing, George W.'s body had shielded  Dean, who was behind him, still sitting at his desk. Dean suffered relatively minor shrapnel wounds, but not as seriously as George, who in several minutes was dead.
   It also turns out that Orville had TWO guns on him, a longer-barreled heavy Colt 'navy' revolver; and a smaller short-barreled 'Sharp's' revolver.
   Apparently (and there's that word again...) after Orville threw the grenade at George and Dean, he realized that he himself hadn't been seriously injured by the shrapnel - so he decided to shoot himself
   
   Note that this bizarre situation gets stranger: it was later found that Orville was shot 5 times - - - with 2 different guns....! One bullet from the Colt was found in Orville's stomach - and four more bullets from the Sharp's revolver were found lodged in his chest region. 
    Initially, police were speculating that Dean had shot Orville in self defense after Orville threw the grenade. (I suppose the theory was: 'how could Orville have shot himself  FIVE times? There must have been another shooter'...) A holster was found strapped to Orville's body, which mated with the Colt, so it was established that the Colt was his. 
   The police speculated that the Sharp's gun belonged to Dean, and that - after a massive unexpected explosion - Dean, who just seconds earlier was wounded and stunned from this blast, not only somehow suddenly conjured up a fully loaded gun, but could still aim and pump 4 rounds into Orville's chest, from across the room!! (The thing is, Dean had never had ANY previous associations with guns, whatsoever; but Orville, did) Dean was never charged with anything.

  The coroner said those 4  Sharp's bullet holes in Orville's chest came from a close range, not from a distance, which means that Dean could not have been the shooter. The consensus was that Orville had literally gone insane. When he was first found, Orville's coat was still smouldering and on fire near one of the chest wounds, where the muzzle had been held to the fabric. 
  George W. Jewett, though still barely alive when found after the grenade blast, died of his shrapnel wounds within minutes..
  George W. was coldly murdered by his own nephew. 
  Gertrude lost her husband, Mary her father. 
  His young grand-kids George J., May, Henry Sherman and Cornelius D. lost their grandfather. 

  The murderer Orville was taken to the Chamber St. hospital, where later that evening he died of his 5 gunshot wounds. Even though he could still speak (after having 5 rounds in him..?!) Orville refused to explain what happened.
  The only survivor, Dean, recovered, but never could reveal exactly what had happened that day.  
   What is clear, is that Orville had planned this death-wish attack, and wanted to kill his family and co-workers - and himself - along the way; and, it most certainly must have had to do with that buyout which had been supposed to be done that same day
  What a tragedy.

   And: Charles Henry Jewett, through a stroke of fate - because his brother had asked him to go purchase some office supplies - returned to find the carnage which had unfolded while he was out. If he had been there, he too might have also been killed. 
So, our EHJ, our Edward Hull Jewett, would have been 17 years old when all this had happened at his dad's workplace in 1877. 
  Twenty years later, in 1897, EHJ - now a young widower, and now a stockbroker at age 37 - would marry Maude Sherwood; nine years later, in 1906, EHJ's dad, Charles H. would die, and 13 years after that, in 1919, Maude's mom Emmeline would die. So, Charles. H would have known Emmeline quite well, and the families sure had some interesting stories to tell each other! (It's not clear when EHJ's mom, Mary Adelaide Hull Jewett passed away, and if she had known Emmeline)
   It is also notable that Orville's wife Arabella died on Nov.14, 1877,  7 months after  Orville's death. She was just 33. It's quite possible that the shock of what her husband had done weighed heavily upon her.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
****
      ...Another sidebar: 
    Samuel  and Margaret Ann's eldest son, John Zimmerman  went on to marry Victoria Jane Henry on Apr.24, 1872; he was 23 years old, she was 21.
The younger son, Richard Zimmerman, went on to marry Emma Jane Rogers on Apr.18, 1887; he was then 36 years old, she was 21. At the time, Richard was a physician in Niagara Falls.
(I still wonder: did widow Emmeline actually become the official guardian for Samuel's 2 children, after he died?)
Seeing that Emmeline and John D. had made their life in Englewood, I wonder then - were Zimmerman's boys actually living with them in Englewood at any point in time?  Were they educated in New York State?  New Jersey? Ontario? Or were they cast alone after (or even before) Emmeline married John D. in 1863?
Samuel's son John would have been only 14, and son Richard would have been about 12, when Emmeline married John D. Sherwood in 1863, so, I would think that the sons had not yet attained adult status. .
I wonder about the details of these two boy's lives in the tumultuous period after their father Samuel died in 1857, to when Emmeline remarried in 1863, to when Emmeline started having her own children in 1869 (John Howard); in 1870 {1871?} (Flora); in 1873 (Maude); and in 1877 (Arthur C.)?

Samuel's eldest son John was married in 1872, when he 23. What was his life like, before that? Samuel's son Richard (the doctor) married in 1887, when he was 36 - what was his life before that? 
What were their relationships with their (ever-so-brief) step-mother (..and her 'new' husband John D.), as well as with their younger step-brother (s) and step-sister (s?) over the years??
Did they get along, did they visit one another, were they close, were they distant..?
It's not as if they really had known Emmeline for a long time; and it's not as if Emmeline's future children would be blood cousins to Samuel's kids.
Samuel's eldest son John Zimmerman would have been 20 years old when Emmeline's first child John Howard Sherwood was born; and he would have been about 24 when Maude Sherwood was born. John Zimmerman had already been married a year before Maude was born.
Samuel's second son Richard would have been about 18 years old when John Howard Sherwood was born, and would have been about 22 when Maude Sherwood was born. 
John Howard Sherwood would have been about 8 years old, and sister Maude Sherwood  would would have been only about 3, when their parents Emmeline and John D. moved into their new home in 1877.
So, with the timing and the age-difference, I can't see it being possible that Samuel's 2 sons could have ever lived in the Sherman's 1877-built 'Stone Lodge'; but it is certainly possible that they might have visited and stayed there as guests over the subsequent years. 
...And, let's remember that Emmeline herself came from a Quebec family of 14 children - so we can only wonder how many of her relatives might have also visited her over the years!
....And then there is the question of exactly where did Emmeline and John D. live, during the years before they built their Englewood house in 1877? They'd already been married for 14 years prior to building their 'Stone Lodge'. So, where had they lived in that intervening period, between being married in Toronto in 1863, to having their own children during 1869 - 1877, and building their home in 1877? (son Arthur C., was born the same year they built their house)
...And, did either of Samuel Zimmerman's two boys ever actually live with the Sherwoods at any point during those intervening American years, 1863 to 1877? Or did she drop any association with them, like a hot potato?
...And, there are still those even earlier mysterious Canadian years, from 1857 (when Emmeline's husband Samuel Zimmerman died) to 1863 (when widow Emmeline married John D. Sherwood): where exactly was Emmeline living, what was she doing, during those 6 years prior to marrying John D.? How did they first get acquainted? When did Emmeline actually move away from Niagara Falls? Were Samuel Zimmerman's young sons actually in the care of, and actually living with, Emmeline at any point between 1857- 1863, or were they sent off to some boarding schools? 
...And, we must broach this subject: did Emmeline inherit a jackpot from Samuel Zimmerman's estate?? There seems little information available to what would be a quite reasonable question: what did the married-for-3-months widow receive from her fabulously wealthy husband's estate - and what exactly did the 2 young sons receive from their father's estate?
         ...More  interesting mysteries...
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below: illustration of the Desjardin Canal train accident in which Samuel Zimmerman was killed, from the London Illustrated news, Apr.4, 1857. The same railroad right-of-way is still there today, and is now the CN main line from the U.S.A., through Niagara Falls, to Toronto. The suspension bridge, which is seen in the distance behind the collapsed railroad bridge, is now the site a steel arch bridge, which carries York Blvd.,connecting the cities of Hamilton and Burlington, Ont.
This drawing looks westward into Coote's Paradise and the Dundas Valley in the distance.
above: After a business meeting in Toronto on Mar.12, 1857, Zimmerman boarded the 5:00 pm train to get back home to Niagara. The train was travelling on the Great Western Railroad's tracks when apparently - due to a broken wheel axle - it jumped the tracks just as it was approaching the canal bridge. The derailed train hit the bridge, which then collapsed, sending the entire consist - the locomotive [named the "Oxford", built in Schenectady, N.Y.], the tender, the baggage-car, and two passenger cars - into the frozen canal below. Out of ninety passengers, sixty were killed.

Samuel Zimmerman was in the prime of his life, almost 42, and had just recently re-married; I wonder what further accomplishments he would have made in the railroad business and his other ventures. There is no doubt that Zimmerman would have become even more of a leading player in the massive railroad industry expansions and consolidations that were just on the horizon.

Another human-interest-sidebar to the Desjardin Canal train wreck story is that there were two prominent persons from Niagara, who both knew Samuel Zimmerman very well, who were on the same train with him, and who survived the wreck: they were Thomas Clark Street of Niagara Falls, and Dr. Thomas Clark Macklem, of Chippawa.

Thomas C. Street (born Apr.5, 1814) had been elected in 1851 for his first term as a (pre-Confederation) Member of the Legislative Assembly (Canada West) for Welland County. At the time of the 1857 train wreck, he was not, though, a sitting MP, having had lost the election in 1854. However, T.C. Street ran again and won in 1861, and was re-elected in 1863, serving as Welland County MP until the day he died, Sept.6, 1872. T.C. Street never married.

Thomas Clark Macklem M.D. (born Sept.19, 1817, the 5th son of James and Lydia Macklem) had married widow Caroline Cummings (nee Street) on Mar.6, 1851.
After the Desjardins disaster, Dr. T.C. Macklem did not fully recover from his injuries, and died in Magnolia, East Florida, Dec.11, 1859.

Miss Caroline Street (born Aug.5, 1825 - d. Apr.11 (or Mar.11?) 1908) was a younger sister of the above-mentioned Thomas C. Street; they were children of Samuel Street Jr. of Niagara Falls (who was born Mar.14, 1775, died Aug.21, 1844; and whose father was Nehemiah Street); therefore, Dr. T.C. Macklem was T.C Street's brother-in-law.
This was Caroline Street's second marriage:
 - she had first been married (on Nov.17, 1847) to James Henry Cummings (b. July 25, 1820 - d. Apr.11, 1848), they had no children, and she became a widow;
 - then she married T.C. Macklem (they had four children, but again she became a widow);
 - then on Nov.20, 1862, she married Rev. William Henry Caldwell Robertson, and yet again was widowed. (Rev. W.H.C. Robertson, of Stamford, had been the first rector at St. Luke's Parish in Darien, Connecticut, from 1854 to 1859).
 - and lastly, on July 30 [or Aug.20?], 1874 she married Henry Corry Rowley Becher, Q.C. (a London, Ontario lawyer, who died Jul.5, 1885), and was left widowed a fourth time. Caroline died in the Toronto area in 1908.
Caroline's children with Thomas Clark Macklem were:
- first son James Cummings Macklem (who was born May 7, 1852, and who must have been named in memory of her first husband) This son tragically died May 2, 1860 as a young boy, drowning in the Niagara River at the foot of the Macklem mansion "Clark Hill" (which later became the site of the "Oak Hall" mansion of Harry Oakes fame, and now the head-office of the Niagara Parks Commission).
- second son was Sutherland Macklem
- daughters were Caroline and Elizabeth

It was Dr. T.C. Macklem's brother Oliver Tiffany Macklem (who was married to Julia Anne Street (born Jan.11, 1819 - d. May 18, 1879), who was Caroline Street's older sister [and another of  T.C. Street's younger sisters!!] who ran the family's Macklem Foundry in Chippawa, and who had built Samuel Zimmerman's steamship the 'Zimmerman', which was launched May 6, 1854.

It was T.C. Street's father, Samuel Street, who, along with Thomas Clark, founded Ontario's first railroad, the Erie and Ontario, in 1835 - the same railroad which Samuel Zimmerman would buy and convert to steam power, nearly 20 years later.

It was T.C Street who became treasurer of the Erie and Ontario railroad, and who was also one of the incorporators of the Niagara Suspension Bridge (an engineering feat designed by Augustus Roebling in 1851) which was the first ever bridge to carry a railway over the Niagara River, between Canada and the United States. Samuel Zimmerman was the contractor on that bridge, and was also the contractor who had built the railway line to the bridge, from Hamilton (still a CN mainline!)
below: as seen Feb.12, 1928 - another of the original four Zimmerman gatehouses was this one, located downhill in what was then Queen Victoria Park; when it was built in 1856, this gatehouse was on the lower-level of Zimmerman's lot, facing Niagara Falls! It had also served as the original headquarters of the Niagara Parks Commission, and was demolished in 1928.
below: Built by Samuel Zimmerman in 1856 (a year prior to his sudden death in 1857) this gatehouse (standing on the lands upon which Zimmerman was planning to also build his new home, until he was killed in (ironically) a railway accident over the Desjardins Canal in Hamilton Ont.) was located on the south side of Clifton Hill (near today's Clifton Place lane).
Clifton Place was the road/driveway which led south off Clifton Hill onto the Bush / former Zimmerman Estate. This below gatehouse was one of four gatehouses which had been built by Zimmerman around his property, and was the last to be demolished, in 1965. It was at one point the office for Harry Oakes' Welland Securities. Photo below is from 1965, the year of its demolition. What a neat building and location! Note modern buildings and lights in background; that is most probably the old Fallsway / Quality Inn buildings. A double-decker bus is seen at the far left in what was a hotel parking lot. Clifton Pl. lane would be just to the right in the photo below, just out of frame.

below: same angle of view as above, looking in a south-easterly direction down Clifton Hill. Zimmerman's Clifton Hill Gatehouse is clearly seen, marked with the red X, just behind the Park Motor Hotel sign. This was its original location, set slightly back from the road, with a little bit of lawn in front.
The signs for the Quality Inn and Fallsway hotels are seen further down the street. The Clifton Place access road is marked in blue at the bottom right. Note the pylon sign for the Park Motor Hotel also advertises for the Ripley's Believe It Or Not Museum, as well as for the "Queen's Door Dining and Dancing" lounge, which was for a while was quite the local hotel hotspot. The Park Motor Hotel later became today's Comfort Inn. 
It's hard to tell what the Gatehouse was being used for, during this time. Photo date not known, possibly late 1950's - early 60's. This Gatehouse was the last one remaining, of the four which Zimmerman had built in 1856; it was demolished in Nov. 1965.   
above: same view, Feb. 2014 - the Clifton Place roadway is marked with a blue arrow at bottom right; the red arrow shows approximately where the Clifton Hill Gatehouse once stood.

There had been another access road which served as the entrance to the Quality Inn / Fallsway buildings, farther down Clifton Hill (where the hotel signs were, as seen in the previous photo). This road was closed when the Sky Wheel and its plaza were built (see satellite shots further below). This access road went south off Clifton Hill from about where the grey kiosk sits in the plaza in the centre of the above shot. It was along here, where the Tim Hortons now stands at the right, amidst all the stores and food joints, that the Bush Estate's Zimmerman-built gatehouse had once stood on Clifton Hill, until being demolished in Nov. 1965.

above: Jan.12, 2009 - looking south across Clifton Hill, at the road now called Clifton Place. This is now the main road into the HOCO lands. The Quality Inn buildings (under demolition at this time) were located in the rear left, behind the Skywheel. The Comfort Inn buildings (former Park Motor Hotel) are in back, to the right. (note the Hilton hotel in the far center distance, still under construction). The last of Zimmerman's original four gatehouses had stood just to the left, out of frame, of the above shot.
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below: photo taken in 1937, both buildings of the Bush estate are seen in the same photo, showing the proximity of the Zimmerman-built Clifton Hill Gatehouse (seen at the right, facing onto the south-side of a cobble-stoned Clifton Hill) to Senator Bush's Clifton Place mansion (seen in the left distance).
It's all but a distant memory now. The road known today as Clifton Pl. would be slightly to the right of the gatehouse, out of frame, in the below photo.
above: Dec. 2015 - this is the same matching view of where the Clifton Hill Gatehouse had once stood, at the right. The Bush mansion would have been in the far left distance, behind the Sky Wheel. And "Clifton Lodge" (Samuel Zimmerman's residence, demolished in 1860) and its small stable once stood on this side of the ferris wheel, at the far left, approx. where the bowling alley now stands.
above: Apr.5, 2017 - the Sky Wheel has been taken down for repairs after having been damaged in a storm back in Mar. It is scheduled to reopen May 19, 2017.
above: May 12, 2017 the Sky Wheel is being reassembled, here seen at the half-way mark to completion.
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below: here is a closer view of the same Zimmerman Clifton Hill Gatehouse, its little front lawn paved over, now relegated to serving as a snack bar, with souvenirs and fireworks on the menu! In the far right distance behind the trees, the Park Motor Hotel (today's Comfort Inn) can be seen.
This entire Comfort Inn complex was closed permanently in Oct. 2015, and the buildings were completely demolished during Nov. - Dec. 2015.
[The library's info with this below photo, oddly states the date as being Sept.5, 1968, yet the gatehouse was torn down in Nov. 1965, so there is a discrepancy here]

above: this is the same view in the summer of 2010, of the site where Zimmerman's Clifton Hill Gatehouse had once stood.
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      An interesting historical sidebar to these Clifton Hill Gatehouse photos is a story found at this site about the Robert Combe family, which tells of how Thomas Combe came to Canada from Scotland in 1891, and ended up working at the Bush Estate while living in the Clifton Hill Gatehouse (!!):

"...Thomas, the seventh member of the family of Robert and Christina (Watt) Combe was born on 24 May 1867 in Yester Mains, Gifford. In later years a photograph hung in the kitchen of Thomas’s home in Niagara Falls that seemed to have recorded an important event in his life. It appears to have been taken in 1887 during the celebrations for Queen Victoria’s 50th anniversary and shows him beside a wagon. Everyone in the picture is dressed in holiday fashion as though ready for a parade. The sign on the wagon indicates that James Dixon of Spittal and Berwick, Manufacturers of Manure owned it.

Before leaving for Canada Thomas lived with his parents at Steps of Grace, in Northumberlandshire, overlooking the North Sea, and the diary notes he kept suggest some nostalgia as he recorded the name of this home farm. These notes also refer to working as a manager on another farm in Scotland. A post card in his collection is of a cottage and Lovers’ Walk on the estate of the Warrander family in Dunbar suggesting that this was where he was working. A large oil painting of the same cottage belonged to his brother Robert Combe indicating that both of the brothers were perhaps connected to this estate. A granddaughter of Robert Combe believed that this cottage was the Dunbar childhood home of their grandmother, Jane (Goodall) Lawson.

Thomas was already in Canada by the fall of 1891. The diary includes the directions to his brother, Robert’s place “in Homer”, a village in Grantham Township near St. Catharines and just east of the Welland Canal. His obituary stated that he had lived in St. Catharines for a time. By 1892 he had moved to Niagara Falls.

Thomas appears to have worked first at occasional jobs but on 26 December 1891 he was able to make a bank deposit of $94.31. In June of the following year he began to work for the Streetcar Company in Niagara Falls. By the 7th of September of that year he was employed on the Bush Estate. This large estate was created by Samuel Zimmermann on the escarpment overlooking the falls near Clifton Hill and was known as the Bush Estate, named for the American senator who had lived there for a considerable time. The Fallsway Motel now occupies part of this property. This location seems to have been the focus of continuous work from 1891 until his retirement about 1924. We know that in 1905 the family was living on the Bush Estate in the gatehouse that faced Clifton Hill. This building became the offices of Welland Securities, the company that held all the land holdings of Sir Harry Oakes until the 1960’s. Thomas probably lived there continuously until he retired.

On 8 February 1893, Thomas Combe married Isabella Lawson in the Presbyterian Church in St. Davids, Ontario. She was born on 3 February 1863, the daughter of William Lawson (28 February 1831-21 September 1900) and Agnes Goodall (30 June 1840-4 July 1918). The Lawson family farm was east of St. Davids at the corner of Concession Two and York Road. William Lawson had been born in Longside, Peterhead, Aberdeenshire. He had chosen to settle near other Scottish families in Lincoln County and in 1858 had married Agnes, the daughter of John and Sarah (Anderson) Goodall.

On 14 July 1893, Thomas Combe was doing some work for the company of Histrop and Thomas and by the end of the month was able to rent a cottage from a Mrs. Thomas. It is interesting to note that he also paid $4 in annual dues to the “Sons of Scotland.”

On 20 Nov. 1893, he noted that his house at 78 Buckley Avenue in Niagara Falls was being built, and by 6 January 1894 that Mr. Lundy was doing the plastering. On 2 March 1894 a four-year mortgage was drawn up for $700 at 6% and Thomas and Isabella moved in on 27 March 1894. The cost for the lot was $350, insurance $8, builders risk $2.40, house $735.50, lawyer $10, coal $6, paint 75¢ for a total cost of $1,413.51. The mortgage was paid off by March 1902.

Meanwhile he received word that his father Robert Combe had died on 14 Jan. 1902 at the age of 66. Now free of debt himself, Thomas decided to make a trip to Berwickshire and seems to have spent the winter of 1905-6 there. His mother lived until the age of 80 and died on 10 August in 1913.

In May 1909 Thomas was able to put all the “conveniences” in the Buckley Street house at a cost of $175. This house appears to have served as a rental property until 16 May 1921, when he sold it for $3,000.

On 14 September 1910, he bought lots #117 and #118 on McGrail Avenue for $450. The contract price for building three houses was $4,100. Other costs included the wiring $82, change in sewer lines $13.50 and furnace pipes $75. By Oct. 1911 the three houses were totally paid for. On 19 Augist 1919 he bought a house on Lot 87, #15 (later 437) John Street in Niagara Falls for which he paid $3,300 in cash. This served as their home after his retirement in 1924.

Prior to leaving Scotland, Thomas appears to have been in somewhat of a managerial position on a large estate. This allowed him to move easily into a similar position on the Bush estate, with apparent responsibility for the grounds and stables. The fact that a house was provided as a part of the position as well as through his careful management of his finances he was able to build a number of rental properties which served to provide income for his retirement years.

The children of Thomas and Isabella (Lawson) Combe were William and Christina. Isabella died on 21 December 1941 and at that time Thomas bought six cemetery plots for $60. He died on 7 March 1944. They were both interred in Fairview Cemetery in Niagara Falls Canada.

Thomas was an excellent gardener and had prizewinning rhubarb. His secret was that he laboriously carried soapy wash water to pour over the plants. He had one idiosyncrasy. He loved to win at games and was more than a little distressed if he lost at bridge or euchre..."

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below: satellite view of the former Zimmerman/Bush estate lands. As mentioned earlier, note that in this photo there is a road near the bottom-right that leads in (southward) from Clifton Hill; this is Clifton Pl. which goes to the Comfort Inn. Note a bit more to the left, in the bottom-center, there is another road leading in; this was the access lane to the Quality Inn (old Fallsway) site seen in the rear; this access was sealed up when a restaurant building (lastly a Golden Griddle, seen in the centre-right) was demolished, and the Sky Wheel plaza took its place.

Also note that in this view, the Space Spiral Tower is still visible, seen in the round cut-out of the building at the centre-left (the newer building had been built around the existing ride). The Space Spiral was an observation ride that carried passengers up in a spiraling round pod (seen about halfway up the shaft) to view the falls; built in 1967, it was taken down in Nov.2006.
The red X marks about where Zimmerman's Clifton Hill Gatehouse once stood.
above: same view; now, the Space Spiral Tower is seen being dismantled by a large crane; the restaurant has also been torn down, and the access road closed off, becoming a pedestrian plaza for the newly-built Sky Wheel. The original Park Motor Hotel (built in the mid-1950's; fully demolished in Nov. 2015) is fully seen at the bottom right in the above and the below photos, built in an angled wide V-shape.
above: same view: now, the Space Spiral Tower has been completely removed; a fudge shop has since been built into the circular area where the ride had been.
Note that at the top of each of the above three shots, you can still see Zimmerman's original glistening fountain pool, located down the hill in Victoria Park.
Note also that all those angled, interconnected motel buildings seen at the upper right of the above three shots were the numerous Quality Inn (formerly Fallsway) structures which were demolished during the winter of 2008-2009.
Note also the red 'X' in each of the last three above shots: this is about where Zimmerman's Clifton Hill gatehouse had stood.
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below: a view of the Sky Wheel, taken by R. Bobak in the spring of 2006, as it was under construction. Note that the ride's 42 gondola cars have not yet been installed onto the 175-foot Sky Wheel; note ticket booth still under construction; note that the white shaft of the Space Spiral Tower (which would be demolished in Nov.2006) is still visible in the center distance, in front of the old-Oneida/ now-Casino Tower.
below: In Mar.2009 I spoke with workers on the Quality Inn demolition site, who said that they did find the thick stone footings of the Clifton Place mansion, encountering them while laying new sewers on the site. As for any official acknowledgement of the find, I haven't heard anything, but the mansion's footprint, once under the Fallsway / Quality Inn's recently-demolished maze of buildings, will now be underneath a new 'dinosaur-themed' mini putt to be built on the site just behind the Sky Wheel.
In the left distance (see arrow) is a chunk of the footing from the old Bush mansion, which was removed from the site. This rock and dirt was sorted and reused as fill on the site.
above: Mar.2009 - a closer view of a chunk of the footing (laying upside down) which was made of  cement filled with rubble stone. When Senator John T. Bush finished building Clifton Place in 1866,  (after Zimmerman's 1857 death) he built the mansion on footings which had already been installed by Zimmerman in 1856. This footing remnant seen here dates back to Zimmerman's time.
above: looking at this undated (pos.1960's-70's) view, most likely taken from the Oneida/Kodak tower, Zimmerman's Clifton Hill Gatehouse had once stood where the building at the lower-left is (this is where the Tim Horton's seen above now is); behind it, going off to the left, is Clifton Pl., and in the far-centre-left is the angled wide-V shaped Park Motor Hotel (today's Comfort Inn building). Before the Park Motor Hotel was built, this had been the site of the Clifton Tourist Camp, seen further below. Also note the paved parking lot area in front of the Park Motor Hotel then; this area later became the site of the Dinosaur Mini Putt, which was torn down in Mar.-Apr. 2011. A new dinosaur-themed mini-putt will open this season just across the street, on the east side of Clifton Pl., where the Bush mansion/later Quality Inn had once stood. The access road to the Quality Inn buildings is seen at the extreme lower left - the round Quality Inn street sign is also seen there.
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below: ca.1920's - looking in a south-westerly direction up along Clifton Hill at the Clifton Tourist Camp operating on the grounds of the Bush Estate. The Zimmerman-built stables are clearly seen in the upper left; Victoria Ave. and the Michigan Central Railroad ran along the top. Old maps from Samuel Zimmerman's time here show that his home vegetable garden was located on this same corner!!

above: a colour postcard view of the same site, date not known, probably a little later than the 1920 photo seen previously. The entrance way to the camp (at the left) would be about where the Clifton Pl. road is today. At this time, the Zimmerman-built Clifton Hill Gatehouse would have still been standing, just out of frame at the far bottom left, along Clifton Hill. Also, it appears that another one of  Zimmerman's four original 1856-built gatehouses is seen in both above photos: this would be the Victoria Ave.-facing gatehouse, and is seen in the coloured photo in the upper-centre-left, where the two small red hip roofs are. A little farther to the left of those two red roofs, is another building with a larger hip roof - this was unmistakably one of the pavilions of the original Zimmerman stables. It is also seen in the previous 1920's photo. In the centre top distance is the large roof of the old Niagara Falls Arena which faced directly onto the west-side of Victoria Ave., where the Imperial Hotel now stands. Also, the Clifton Place mansion, which was torn down in 1937, would have still been standing.
above: seen on a cold, snowy Jan.28, 2010, this is the exact same view as above, of where the Clifton Tourist Camp once was! Clifton Pl. is the road going in at the centre-left. The Comfort Inn (former Park Motor Hotel) was still in business at this time; a little bit of it is seen at the far left distance, behind the Ripley's.


above: same view Apr.5, 2017, the Ripley's attraction has been renovated; the Comfort Inn is no longer extant (it was torn down in the fall of 2015, along with the Zimmerman stable house, which had been hidden inside the hotel) Now a go-kart track is being built on the former hotel lands behind Ripley's.
above: satellite view of the same site; the Clifton Tourist Camp, between Clifton Pl. and Victoria Ave., became the site of the Park Motor Hotel / Comfort Inn (it's the angled building seen at the centre-top). Note the roof of the 1856-built Zimmerman stables can clearly be seen the upper left; the entire L-shaped carriage house / stable structure was cocooned within the Comfort Inn; note the Michigan Central track right of way which ran along the west side of  Zimmerman's property; note the Quality Inn buildings (at the far center left) can still be seen; they were all demolished in late 2008-early 2009; note that the Space Spiral Tower is seen being dismantled by a large crane, making this view as being from around Nov.2006.  The red X marks where Zimmerman's Clifton Hill Gatehouse once stood. (click photos to enlarge!)
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The old photos in this study are from the Niagara Falls, Ont. Library Historical Digital Archives; the recent ones are by R. Bobak.
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Thank you very much for visiting Right In Niagara!
And - if you have ANY old photos of Niagara Falls - say even pre - 1980's - which you would like to share, please contact me! Interested in any motel / hotel shots, post cards, restaurants, touristy shops/attractions, local businesses, buildings, street views... etc.!
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2 comments:

will griff said...

I agree The Zimmerman horse stables and carriage house should have been saved somehow. Did you manage to get a brick or something to keep? Thanks for posting. I was wondering what was going to happen Sorry I missed it.

Will

mugwump2006 said...

Excellent site. Well done!